Environmental efficiency: Meaning and measurement and application to Australian dairy farms
AbstractTechnical efficiency has been widely studied in the literature, but in its pursuit, many of the inputs used can impact on the environment. Environmental effects can be modelled as undesirable output or, as has been the case in more recent studies, as conventional inputs. This paper examines the concept of environmental efficiency and how it can be used to evaluate the performance of Australian dairy farming, using nitrogen surplus, arising from excessive applications of fertilizer, as a detrimental input. Farming promotes the image of clean and green production and if this image is to be maintained, there is a need to ensure activities are environmentally friendly
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society in its series 2004 Conference (48th), February 11-13, 2004, Melbourne, Australia with number 58450.
Date of creation: Feb 2004
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efficiency; detrimental inputs; nitrogen surplus; DEA; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management;
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