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Impact of GE Crop Adoption on Quality-Adjusted Herbicide Use in U.S. Corn Production

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Author Info

  • Nehring, Richard F.
  • Martin, Andrew
  • Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge
  • Hallahan, Charles B.
  • Vialou, Alexandre
  • Wechsler, Seth James
  • Grube, Arthur
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    Abstract

    This paper presents findings on the use of HT corn and quality-adjusted herbicide use for 12 key corn producing states using a panel data set for 1986-2008. Our preliminary findings indicate an insignificant impact of HT corn on herbicide use, conditioning or accounting for HT corn with other important drivers of corn herbicide use: HT soy, corn output price, glyphoste price, nonherbicide glyponsate price, and percentage of continuous corn and low-till corn. However, we find a positive and significant impact of HT corn on herbicide use in selected states, using regional interaction terms. We use econometric techniques to avoid spurious regression results. Other preliminary runs indicated that the results hold when running the US and regional interactions on 1986-2006 and 1986-2007 data.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with number 103369.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea11:103369

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    Keywords: HT-corn; herbicides; weed resistance; glyphosate; corn; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics;

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    1. Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge & McBride, William D., 2002. "Adoption Of Bioengineered Crops," Agricultural Economics Reports 33957, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Harris, R. & Tzavalis, E., 1996. "Inference for Unit Roots in Dynamic Panels," Discussion Papers 9604, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
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