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Modeling Agricultural Trade Liberalization. A Review

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  • Anania, Giovanni

Abstract

The paper reviews the models used in the past 10 years or so to analyze the expected effects of liberalizing agricultural trade. The main aim of the paper it to provide the reader with an overview of models which have been used to assess, first, during the Uruguay Round, the implications of alternative hypothetical trade liberalization scenarios, then, the Agreement itself, and, more recently, the implications of further steps in liberalizing agricultural markets as a result of the on going WTO negotiations. The conclusion reached is that the efforts to model agricultural trade and trade policies, taken as a whole, are not fully satisfactory. Although several models offer accurate representations of international agricultural markets and trade policies, many others, including several developed and used by governments and relevant multilateral institutions, are structurally incapable of providing reliable answers to some of the policy questions they are asked to address. The final part of the paper identifies priorities for actions to be taken for improving modeling of trade policies and WTO commitments.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) in its series 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL with number 20758.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea01:20758

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Keywords: International Relations/Trade;

References

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  1. Anania, Giovanni, 1989. "Welfare implications of a preferential tariff reduction for agricultural exports from less developed countries vs. a generalized tariff reduction," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 3(1), pages 23-48, March.
  2. Meilke, Karl D. & McClatchy, Don & de Gorter, Harry, 1995. "Challenges In Quantitative Economic Analysis In Support Of Multilateral Trade Negotiations," Working Papers 51215, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
  3. Zohra Bouamra Mechemache & Vincent Réquillart, 1999. "Policy Reform in the European Union Dairy Sector: Effects on Markets and Welfare," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 47(5), pages 105-114, December.
  4. J-C Bureau & L Fulponi & L Salvatici, 2000. "Comparing EU and US trade liberalisation under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 27(3), pages 259-280, September.
  5. Poonyth, Daneswar & Westhoff, Patrick & Womack, Abner & Adams, Gary, 2000. "Impacts of WTO restrictions on subsidized EU sugar exports," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 233-245, April.
  6. Bouamra-Mechemache & Réquillart, 2000. "Analysis of EU dairy policy reform," Working Papers 156175, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  7. Anderson, Kym & Hoekman, Bernard & Strutt, Anna, 2001. "Agriculture and the WTO: Next Steps," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(2), pages 192-214, May.
  8. Z Bouamra Mechemache & V Réquillart, 2000. "Analysis of EU dairy policy reform," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 27(4), pages 409-430, December.
  9. Swaminathan, Padma V. & Hertel, Thomas W. & Brockmeier, Martina, 1997. "European Union Enlargement: What Are The Agricultural Trade Models Missing?," 1997 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Toronto, Canada 21030, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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  12. Bach, Christian Friis & Ken Pearson, 1996. "Implementing Quotas in GTAP Using GEMPACK or How to Linearize an Inequality," GTAP Technical Papers 307, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  13. Nguyen, T. & Perroni, C. & Wigle, R., 1993. "An Evaluation of the Final Act of the Uruguay Round," Working Papers 93003, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics.
  14. C. F. Bach & S. E. Frandsen & H. G. Jensen, 2000. "Agricultural and Economy-Wide Effects of European Enlargement: Modelling the Common Agricultural Policy," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(2), pages 162-180.
  15. Hertel, Thomas W & Brockmeier, Martina & Swaminathan, Padma V, 1997. "Sectoral and Economy-Wide Analysis of Integrating Central and Eastern Europe Countries into the EU: Implications of Alternative Strategies," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 24(3-4), pages 359-86.
  16. Nguyen, Trien & Perroni, Carlo & Wigle, Randall, 1993. "An Evaluation of the Draft Final Act of the Uruguay Round," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(421), pages 1540-49, November.
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  22. Leetmaa, Susan E. & Krissoff, Barry & Hartmann, Monika, 1996. "Trade Policy And Environmental Quality: The Case Of Export Subsidies," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 25(2), October.
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  24. von Lampe, Martin, 1998. "The World Agricultural Trade Simulation System WATSIM: An Overview," Discussion Papers 18788, University of Bonn, Institute for Food and Resource Economics.
  25. Devadoss, Stephen & Kropf, Jurgen, 1996. "Impacts of trade liberalizations under the Uruguay round on the world sugar market," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 15(2), pages 83-96, November.
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  29. S. Devadoss & Patrick C. Westhoff & Michael D. Helmar & Eric Grundmeier & Karl D. Skold & William H. Meyers & Stanley R. Johnson, 1989. "FAPRI Modeling System at CARD: A Documentation Summary, The," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications 89-tr13, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
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Cited by:
  1. Abler, David G., 2006. "Approaches to Measuring the Effects of Trade Agreements," Commissioned Papers 140762, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
  2. Anania, Giovanni, 2003. "Gains from trade liberalization with imperfectly competitive world markets. A note," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 3(06).

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