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Inequality, poverty and quality of institutions: which freedom channels of globalization matter for Africa?

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  • Asongu Simplice

    ()
    (Yaoundé/Cameroun)

Abstract

Are formal institutions instrumental in the effect globalization mechanisms have on the human face? If so, through which freedoms channels are poverty and inequality mitigated? With the instrumentality of formal institutions: (1) de jure financial liberalization (KAOPEN) has a positive income-redistribution impact while the de facto measure (FDI) does not; (2) political liberalization has a disequalizing effect and; (3) economic freedom has a positive (negative) effect on inequality (poverty). Hence, economic freedom does not stop the wealthy from growing wealthier, but at the same time provides for conditions that mitigate poverty. The findings broadly show that, despite the substantially documented negative incidences of some channels of globalization on poverty (and inequality), formal institutions have the capacity to device policies that will give capital openness, trade and economic liberalizations a human face. Social implications and policy options are discussed.

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File URL: http://www.afridev.org/RePEc/agd/agd-wpaper/Inequality-poverty-and-quality-of-institutions.-Which-freedom-channels-of-globalization-matter-for-Africa.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by African Governance and Development Institute. in its series Working Papers with number 13/014.

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Length: 19
Date of creation: 14 Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published: European Economics Letters
Handle: RePEc:agd:wpaper:13/014

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Keywords: Globalization; Inequality; Poverty; Formal institutions; Africa;

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References

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  1. Asongu, Simplice A, 2013. "How has politico-economic liberalization affected financial allocation efficiency? Fresh African evidence," MPRA Paper 44995, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Enowbi Batuo, Michael & Guidi, Francesco & Mlambo, Kupukile, 2010. "Financial Development and Income Inequality: Evidence from African Countries," MPRA Paper 25658, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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  7. Enowbi Batuo, Michael & Kupukile, Mlambo, 2009. "How Can Economic and Political Liberalisation Improve Financial Development in African Countries?," MPRA Paper 20651, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Simplice A., Asongu, 2011. "Finance and inequality: exploring pro-poor investment channels in Africa," MPRA Paper 34994, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Cho, Yoon Je, 1986. "Inefficiencies from Financial Liberalization in the Absence of Well-Functioning Equity Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 18(2), pages 191-99, May.
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  23. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Law, Democracy and the Quality of Government in Africa," Working Papers 11/018, African Governance and Development Institute..
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Cited by:
  1. Asongu, Simplice, 2014. "On the substitution of institutions and finance in investment," MPRA Paper 56814, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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