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Rockets and Feathers in the Laboratory

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  • Ralph-C Bayer

    ()
    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Changxia Ke

    (Max Planck Institute)

Abstract

Consumers often complain that retail prices respond faster to increases in wholesale prices than to decreases. Despite many empirical studies confirming this 'Rockets-and-Feathers' phenomenon for different industries, the mechanism driving it is not well understood. In this paper, we show that, in contrast to the theoretical prediction, asymmetric price adjustment to cost shocks, as well as price dispersion, arises in experimental Diamond (1971) markets. The analysis of individual behavior suggests that the observed price dispersion can be explained by bounded rationality, as our data are well explained by Quantal Response Equilibrium (McKelvey and Palfrey 1995). Asymmetric price adjustment is caused by the updating speed of buyers with adaptive expectations being different after positive and negative cost shocks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Adelaide, School of Economics in its series School of Economics Working Papers with number 2010-20.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:adl:wpaper:2010-20

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Web page: http://www.economics.adelaide.edu.au/
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Keywords: Asymmetric Price Adjustment; Search Cost; Price Dispersion; Bounded Rationality; Quantal Response Equilibrium;

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