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Novel Indicators of the Trade and Welfare Effects of Agricultural Distortions in OECD Countries

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  • Kym Anderson

    ()
    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Johanna Croser

    ()
    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

Abstract

Agricultural markets in OECD countries have long been highly distorted by government policies. Traditional weighted average aggregates of the price distortions they involve, such as producer and consumer support estimates (PSEs and CSEs), can be poor indicators of the trade restrictiveness and economic welfare losses associated with them, especially if a countryÂ’s support estimates vary a lot across the product range. Supplementing those measures with estimates of trade and welfare effects of price supports requires the use of a sectoral or economy wide model and price elasticity data. This paper shows that, in the absence of such a model, and a willingness to make simple assumptions about elasticities, it is possible to generate more satisfactory indicators than PSEs and CSEs using no more than the price and quantity data used to generate them. These new indexes provide an attractive supplement to the current policy monitoring regime developed by the OECD Secretariat.

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File URL: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/cies/publications/present/CIES_DP1009.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies in its series Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers with number 2010-09.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:adl:cieswp:2010-09

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Keywords: Distorted incentives; agricultural price and trade policies; trade restrictiveness index;

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References

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  1. Lloyd, Peter J. & Croser, Johanna L. & Anderson, Kym, 2009. "Global distortions to agricultural markets : new indicators of trade and welfare impacts, 1955 to 2007," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4865, The World Bank.
  2. Kee, Hiau Looi & Nicita, Alessandro & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2006. "Estimating trade restrictiveness indices," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3840, The World Bank.
  3. Anderson, Kym & Croser, Johanna L. & Lloyd, Peter J, 2009. "How Do Agricultural Policy Restrictions to Global Trade and Welfare Differ Across Commodities?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7230, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Tyers,Rod & Anderson,Kym, 1992. "Disarray in World Food Markets," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521351058, October.
  5. Douglas A. Irwin, 2010. "Trade Restrictiveness and Deadweight Losses from US Tariffs," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 111-33, August.
  6. Johanna Croser & Kym Anderson, 2010. "Changing Ccontributions of Different Agricultural Policy Instruments to Global Reductions in Trade and Welfare," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2010-05, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  7. Kym Anderson, 2010. "Global Distortions to Agricultural Markets: New Indicators of Trade and Welfare Impacts, 1960 to 2007," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2010-03, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  8. Valdés, Alberto & Zietz, Joachim A., 1980. "Agricultural protection in OECD countries: its cost to less-developed countries," Research reports 21, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  9. Teresa Serra & David Zilberman & Barry K. Goodwin & Allen Featherstone, 2006. "Effects of decoupling on the mean and variability of output," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 33(3), pages 269-288, September.
  10. Kym Anderson & Ernesto Valenzuela, 2007. "Do Global Trade Distortions Still Harm Developing Country Farmers?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 143(1), pages 108-139, April.
  11. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2005. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012200.
  12. Kym Anderson & Will Martin, 2009. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2611, October.
  13. Kym Anderson, 2009. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives : A Global Perspective, 1955-2007," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 9436, October.
  14. Anderson, Kym & Lattimore, Ralph G. & Lloyd, Peter J. & MacLaren, Donald, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand," 2007 Conference (51st), February 13-16, 2007, Queenstown, New Zealand 10407, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  15. Anderson, Kym, 2009. "Five Decades of Distortions to Agricultural Incentives," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48742, World Bank.
  16. Anderson, Kym & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe’s Transition Economies," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48556, World Bank.
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  1. > Agricultural Economics > Agricultural Policy

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