How University Departmens respond to the Rise of Academic Entrepreneurship? The Pasteur's Quadrant Explanation
AbstractThis paper examines how universities can develop a new organizational structure to cope with the rise of academic entrepreneurship. By deploying the Pasteurian quadrant framework, knowledge creation and knowledge utilization in universities are measured. The relationships between university antecedents, Pasteurian orientation, and research performance are analyzed. A survey of university administrators and faculty members collected 634 responses from faculty members in 99 departments among 6 universities. The findings indicate that university antecedents of strategic flexibility and balancing commitment contribute to a greater Pasteurian orientation in university departments. The higher degree of Pasteurian orientation has significantly positive impacts on the performance both of knowledge creation and knowledge utilization. Moreover, the Pasteurian orientation acts as a mediator between university antecedents and research performance. Using cluster analysis, the departments are categorized into four groups. The differences between university- and department- factors in these four groups are examined and discussed. We conclude that not all university departments should move toward the Pasteurian group, and there are specific organizational and disciplinary factors resulting in mobility barriers among groups. Policies to encourage academic entrepreneurship should consider these mobility barriers, along with this new governance of science.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies in its series DRUID Working Papers with number 11-07.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.druid.dk/
Academic entrepreneurship; Pasteur’s quadrant; research excellence; research commercialization;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-11-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2011-11-21 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-EDU-2011-11-21 (Education)
- NEP-ENT-2011-11-21 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-IPR-2011-11-21 (Intellectual Property Rights)
- NEP-LAB-2011-11-21 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-SBM-2011-11-21 (Small Business Management)
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