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What behind-the-border Reforms in Services and Investment are Best Done Through Trade Agreements?

In: Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific


Author Info

  • Philippa Dee

    (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP))


The aim of this chapter is to explore whether there are principles that can be brought to bear in negotiating the services and investment provisions of trade agreements, and which can help to ensure that the partial reforms achieved under those agreements add to, rather than detract from economic well-being. These principles might be seen as the services and investment equivalents of the "top-down" principle for tariff reform. It is not intended to go as far as developing a negotiating modality for services or investment, as that would be premature. However, the principles developed here could be used by individual countries on a voluntary basis when undertaking negotiations in services and investment.

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Bibliographic Info

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This chapter was published in:

  • Mia Mikic (ed.), 2009. "Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), number tipub2563.
    This item is provided by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in its series STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT with number tipub2563_chap5.

    Handle: RePEc:unt:ecchap:tipub2563_chap5

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    Related research

    Keywords: negotiate; service; investment; trade agreement; tariff reform; liberalization;

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