Barriers to Knowledge Sharing in Medium-Sized Enterprises in Transition Economies
AbstractMost of the studies carried out on identification of barriers to knowledge sharing have focused on developing and developed countries. The purpose of this study was to explore the barrier factors inhibiting knowledge sharing in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in transition economies that have different social, cultural, and economic conditions as compared to other developing and developed countries. A survey was conducted among 118 respondents working in 20 medium-sized enterprises representing the major sectors of economic activity in Albania, which was the last country in Europe to join the list of transition economies. This study identified the major barriers to knowledge sharing in SMEs in Albania, namely, cultural issues, motivational issues, lack of human resources, lack of technological resources, and lack of benefits as some of the key barrier factors. The identification of barrier factors would assist SMEs in transition economies in designing knowledge sharing activities and ensuring that these barrier factors are addressed in future knowledge management programs. This study is limited by the complexity involved in identification of factors constituting national cultural profiles because each country is likely to have a unique national cultural fingerprint. SMEs form a significant portion of economic activity in Albania, this study is one of the few studies carried out in Albania. This study will also help SMEs in other transition economies in Europe, particularly in the Balkans and Eastern Europe which have similar cultural and social conditions. The findings of this study will help SMEs to identify shortcomings and problems in existing knowledge sharing and management activities and also identify mechanisms to address these shortcomings.
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This chapter was published in: Narasimha Rao Vajjhala & Mohamed Hussein Hassan , , pages 809-817, 2013.
This item is provided by ToKnowPress in its series Active Citizenship by Knowledge Management & Innovation: Proceedings of the Management, Knowledge and Learning International Conference 2013 with number 809-817.
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Web page: http://www.toknowpress.net/proceedings/978-961-6914-02-4/
transition economies; SMEs; knowledge sharing; barriers; Albania; innovation;
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