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Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit

In: The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

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  • Joshua S. Gans
  • Fiona Murray

Abstract

This paper considers the role of the allocation of scientific credit in determining the organization of science. We examine changes in that organization and the nature of credit allocation in the past half century. Our contribution is a formal model of that organizational choice that considers scientist decisions to integrate, collaborate or publish and how credit should be allocated to foster efficient outcomes.

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This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 13042.

Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:13042

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  1. Stern, Scott & Kolev, Julian & Dewatripont, Mathias & Aghion, Philippe & Murray, Fiona, 2009. "Of Mice and Academics: Examining the Effect of Openness on Innovation," Scholarly Articles 4554220, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Pierre Azoulay & Joshua S. Graff Zivin & Gustavo Manso, 2009. "Incentives and Creativity: Evidence from the Academic Life Sciences," NBER Working Papers 15466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jerry R. Green & Suzanne Scotchmer, 1995. "On the Division of Profit in Sequential Innovation," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 26(1), pages 20-33, Spring.
  4. Benjamin F. Jones, 2009. "The Burden of Knowledge and the "Death of the Renaissance Man": Is Innovation Getting Harder?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(1), pages 283-317.
  5. Maxim Engers & Joshua S. Gans & Simon Grant & Stephen King, 1999. "First-Author Conditions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(4), pages 859-883, August.
  6. Fiona E. Murray & Scott Stern, 2007. "Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge?: An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Academic Science and Entrepreneurship: Dual Engines of Growth National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Fiona Murray & Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Julian Kolev & Scott Stern, 2009. "Of Mice and Academics: Examining the Effect of Openness on Innovation," NBER Working Papers 14819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Richard R. Nelson, 1959. "The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67, pages 297.
  9. Rosenberg, Nathan, 1990. "Why do firms do basic research (with their own money)?," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 165-174, April.
  10. Murray, Fiona & Stern, Scott, 2007. "Do formal intellectual property rights hinder the free flow of scientific knowledge?: An empirical test of the anti-commons hypothesis," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 63(4), pages 648-687, August.
  11. Ajay Agrawal & Avi Goldfarb, 2008. "Restructuring Research: Communication Costs and the Democratization of University Innovation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1578-90, September.
  12. Jeffrey L. Furman & Scott Stern, 2011. "Climbing atop the Shoulders of Giants: The Impact of Institutions on Cumulative Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 1933-63, August.
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