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Implementing monetary policy in the crisis times - the case of the ECB

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Author Info

  • Nuno Cassola

    (European Central Bank)

  • Alain Durré

    (European Central Bank)

  • Cornelia Holthausen

    (European Central Bank)

Abstract

This paper discusses the implementation of monetary policy during the economic and financial crisis of 2007-10. After summarising the different measures adopted by the ECB during these turbulent times, we present a stylised theoretical model that allows us to focus on the main trade-offs faced in implementing monetary policy. We argue that it is the level of key policy interest rates and the width of the interest rate corridor set by the standing facilities, and not the quantity of liquidity that is provided to the market, that are key to sustaining (some) private intermediation in the money market in the presence of increasing credit and liquidity risk. The model highlights the trade-offs faced by central banks when deciding on the degree and timing of its interventions. The main implications of the theory are supported by the empirical evidence.

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Bibliographic Info

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This chapter was published in:

  • Marek Jarocinski & Frank Smets & Christian Thimann (ed.), 2011. "Approaches to monetary policy revisited - lessons from the crisis, 6th ECB Central Banking Conference, 18-19 November 2010," Books, European Central Bank, number cbc6, October.
    This item is provided by European Central Bank in its series Chapters with number cbc6-23.

    Handle: RePEc:ecb:chaptr:cbc6-23

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    1. Todd Keister & James J. McAndrews, 2009. "Why are banks holding so many excess reserves?," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 15(Dec).
    2. Paolo Angelini & Andrea Nobili & Maria Cristina Picillo, 2009. "The interbank market after August 2007: what has changed, and why?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 731, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Florian Heider & Marie Hoerova, 2009. "Interbank Lending, Credit-Risk Premia, and Collateral," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 5(4), pages 5-43, December.
    4. Marie Hoerova & Cornelia Holthausen & Florian Heider, 2009. "Liquidity hoarding and interbank market spreads: the role of counterparty risk," 2009 Meeting Papers 929, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Renaud Beaupain & Alain Durré, 2011. "Inferring trading dynamics for an OTC market: the case of the euro area overnight money market," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(9), pages 1285-1295, October.
    6. Yacine Aït-Sahalia & Jochen Andritzky & Andreas Jobst & Sylwia Nowak & Natalia Tamirisa, 2010. "Market Response to Policy Initiatives during the Global Financial Crisis," NBER Working Papers 15809, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Beirne, John & Dalitz, Lars & Ejsing, Jacob & Grothe, Magdalena & Manganelli, Simone & Monar, Fernando & Sahel, Benjamin & Sušec, Matjaž & Tapking, Jens & Vong, Tana, 2011. "The impact of the Eurosystem's covered bond purchase programme on the primary and secondary markets," Occasional Paper Series 122, European Central Bank.
    8. Vasco Curdia & Michael Woodford, 2010. "The Central Bank Balance Sheet as an Instrument of Monetary Policy," Discussion Papers 0910-16, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
    9. Vincent Brousseau & Alexandre Chailloux & Alain Durré, 2009. "Interbank Offered Rate: Effects of the financial crisis on the information content of the fixing," Working Papers 2009-ECO-10, IESEG School of Management.
    10. Giannone, Domenico & Lenza, Michele & Pill, Huw & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2011. "Non-standard monetary policy measures and monetary developments," Working Paper Series 1290, European Central Bank.
    11. Jens H. E. Christensen & Jose A. Lopez & Glenn D. Rudebusch, 2009. "Do central bank liquidity facilities affect interbank lending rates?," Working Paper Series 2009-13, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    12. Peter Stella & Seiichi Shimizu & Simon Gray & Ulrich H. Klueh & Alexandre Chailloux, 2008. "Central Bank Response to the 2007-08 Financial Market Turbulence," IMF Working Papers 08/210, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Eisenschmidt, Jens & Tapking, Jens, 2009. "Liquidity risk premia in unsecured interbank money markets," Working Paper Series 1025, European Central Bank.
    14. Mercier, Paul & Papadia, Francesco (ed.), 2011. "The Concrete Euro: Implementing Monetary Policy in the Euro Area," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199557523.
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    Cited by:
    1. Beaupain, Renaud & Durré, Alain, 2012. "Nonlinear liquidity adjustments in the euro area overnight money market," Working Paper Series 1500, European Central Bank.
    2. Stephan Fahr & Roberto Motto & Massimo Rostagno & Frank Smets & Oreste Tristani, 2011. "Lessons for monetary policy strategies from the recent past," Chapters, European Central Bank.

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