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How Well Does a Monetary Dynamics Equilibrium Model Account for Chilean Data?

In: General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy

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  • Roberto Duncan

    (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to figure out how well a money-in-the-utility-function model with a Taylor rule can match Chilean data, specially some monetary stylized facts. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is formulated, solved and calibrated to evaluate its ability to replicate the main features of the Chilean economy in the 1986-2000 period. In particular, it focuses on a possible explanation to what the empirical literature calls the "price puzzle", the co-movement between interest rate and inflation. The solution of the model is adequately achieved through a perturbation method (second-order approximation). A positive transitory policy interest rate shock causes: (1) a temporary (non-significant) decline in output, (2) a decrease in real money balances, and (3) a temporary increase in the inflation rate. These findings are relatively consistent with those obtained from impulse-response functions estimated for Chile. Therefore, the theoretical model proposed is able to explain and reproduce the co-movement between interest rate and inflation. This relationship is caused by a Fisher effect and strengthened by the presence of a Taylor rule that depends positively on inflation deviation from its steady state equilibrium.

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This chapter was published in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Editor) (ed.) General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, , chapter 6, pages 189-220, 2005.

This item is provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series with number v09c06pp189-220.

Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchsb:v09c06pp189-220

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References

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  1. C.K. Folkertsma, 1998. "Nominal wage contracts, adjustment costs and real persistence of monetary shocks," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 566, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  2. Rómulo A. Chumacero, 2005. "A Toolkit for Analyzing Alternative Policies in the Chilean Economy," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel ( (ed.), General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 8, pages 261-302 Central Bank of Chile.
  3. Robert J. Hodrick & Edward Prescott, 1981. "Post-War U.S. Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Discussion Papers 451, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  4. L.J. Christiano & C.J. Gust, 1999. "Taylor Rules in a Limited Participation Model," DNB Staff Reports (discontinued) 33, Netherlands Central Bank.
  5. Eric Parrado, 2001. "Effects of Foreign and Domestic Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy: the Case of Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 108, Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Fernando Alvarez & Robert E. Lucas, Jr. & Warren E. Weber, 2001. "Interest rates and inflation," Working Papers 609, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. Raphael Bergoeing & Patrick J. Kehoe & Timothy J. Kehoe & Raimundo Soto, 2001. "A Decade Lost and Found: Mexico and Chile in the 1980s," Documentos de Trabajo 110, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  8. Rómulo A. Chumacero & J. Rodrigo Fuentes, 2002. "On the determinants of the Chilean Economic Growth," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 134, Central Bank of Chile.
  9. Corbo, Vittorio, 1985. "International Prices, Wages and Inflation in an Open Economy: A Chilean Model," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(4), pages 564-73, November.
  10. Pesaran, M. H. & Shin, Y., 1997. "Generalised Impulse Response Analysis in Linear Multivariate Models," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9710, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  11. McGrattan, Ellen R., 1994. "The macroeconomic effects of distortionary taxation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 573-601, June.
  12. Raphael Bergoeing & Patrick J. Kehoe & Timothy J. Kehoe & Raimundo Soto, 2002. "Data Appendix to A Decade Lost and Found: Mexico and Chile in the 1980s," Technical Appendices bergoeing02, Review of Economic Dynamics.
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Cited by:
  1. Héctor Bravo L. & Carlos García T., 2002. "Measuring Monetary Policy and Pass-Through in Chile," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 5(3), pages 5-28, December.
  2. Rodrigo Caputo & Felipe Liendo & Juan Pablo Medina, 2007. "New Keynesian Models for Chile in the Inflation-Targeting Period," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Frederic S. Miskin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting, edition 1, volume 11, chapter 13, pages 507-546 Central Bank of Chile.
  3. Rodrigo Caputo & Felipe Liendo & Juan Pablo Medina, 2006. "New Keynesian Models For Chile During the Inflation Targeting Regime: A Structural Approach," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 402, Central Bank of Chile.
  4. Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2004. "General Equilibrium Models: An Overview," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 307, Central Bank of Chile.
  5. Roberto Duncan, 2003. "Floating, Official Dollarization, and Macroeconomic Volatility:An Analysis for the Chilean Economy," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 249, Central Bank of Chile.

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