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Did Bologna reform improve school-to-work transition of graduates? Evidence from Slovenia

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6

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Author Info

  • Polona Domadenik

    ()
    (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics)

  • Dasa Farcnik

    ()
    (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics)

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    Abstract

    Purpose: This paper investigates the school-to-work transition of graduates in a framework of a quazi experiment. In a predominately tuition free system we use differences in probability of employment after graduation to infer about the causal effect of different field of study and type of study program.Design/methodology/approach: By using a probit regression we calculate the probability of employment for graduates in different fields of education and different type of study program, where we control for the innate ability and effort during schooling.Findings: We find that graduating from a particular field of study affects the probability of employment in three consequent observed years. In general we find, that regardless of the field we observe decreasing probabilities of employment over the years of 2008 and 2009. We also find that new graduates holding a diploma from new vocational or academic Bologna programs face lower probability of employment comparing to graduates having a pre-Bologna degree.Practical implications: In the absence of price competition, performance indicators such as employability can provide relevant information to student choice or a management tool for efficient distribution of education funds to measured performance.Originality/value: By covering the entire population of full-time graduates in 2007, 2008 and 2009 that entered labor market for the first time after graduation we calculate probability of employment in the three consequent years allowing us to first infer about the effect of the new Bologna-harmonized programs and second infer about the crisis impact. In addition we investigate the effect of the quarter of year on the probability of employment.

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    Bibliographic Info

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    This chapter was published in:

  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), 2011. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 6, number 06, 8.
    This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6 with number 06-40.

    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed06:06-40

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    Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com
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    Related research

    Keywords: school-to-work transition; employability; Bologna Declaration;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Genda, Yuji & Kurosawa, Masako, 2001. "Transition from School to Work in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 465-488, December.
    2. Elish Kelly & Philip O'Connell & Emer Smyth, 2008. "The Economic Returns to Field of Study and Competencies Among Higher Education Graduates in Ireland," Papers WP242, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    3. repec:lan:wpaper:1062 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:lan:wpaper:4769 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. MacLeod, Bentley, 2009. "Anti-Lemons: School Reputation and Educational Quality," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt3rc708kd, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    6. Dominic J. Brewer & Eric Eide & Ronald G. Ehrenberg, 1996. "Does It Pay To Attend An Elite Private College? Cross Cohort Evidence on the Effects of College Quality on Earnings," NBER Working Papers 5613, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Lindahl, Lena & Regnér, Håkan, 2003. "College choice and subsequent earnings. Results using Swedish sibling data," Working Paper Series 4/2003, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
    8. Ferrall, Christopher & Betts, Julian & Finnie, Ross, 2000. "The Transition to Work for Canadian University Graduates: Time to First Job, 1982-1990," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2000141e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    9. repec:lan:wpaper:4467 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. A N Nguyen & J Taylor, 2005. "From school to first job: a longitudinal analysis," Working Papers 565907, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    11. Loury, Linda Datcher & Garman, David, 1995. "College Selectivity and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 289-308, April.
    12. Arcidiacono, Peter, 2004. "Ability sorting and the returns to college major," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 343-375.
    13. Simone Tuor & Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2008. "Risk-Return Trade-Offs to Complete Educational Paths: Vocational, Academic and Mixed," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0031, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
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