Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this book chapter or follow this series

Ayuda al desarrollo, capital humano, capital social y crecimiento: una visión de la situación en Latinoamérica

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5

Contents:

Author Info

  • Isabel Neira Gómez

    ()
    (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)

  • María Cadaval Sampedro

    ()
    (Universidad Santiago de Compostela)

  • Marta Portela

    ()
    (Universidad Santiago de Compostela)

Abstract

El papel de la ayuda al desarrollo en el crecimiento de las economías latinoamericanas ha sido objeto de numerosos estudios, provenientes en muchos casos de investigadores del Banco Mundial, así en los trabajos de P. Boone (1994), P Mosley (1995), Hadji-Michael et al (1995), Feizioglu et al (1998), Burnise y Dollar (2000), Guillamont y Chauvet (1999), se analiza la eficacia de la ayuda al desarrollo en el crecimiento de las economías. La mayor parte de estos trabajos presentaban problemas de significatividad de la ayuda, muchos ellos derivados del carácter errático de la misma, así como los bajos valores que representan en relación al PIB en la mayor parte de los países receptores. Más recientemente, son varios los trabajos que han tratado de incluir más factores que podrían afectar a la eficacia de la ayuda y, por lo tanto, en el efecto que la misma puede estar suponiendo en el crecimiento de estas economías. Así Choritz (2002), Nanthikesan (2003) y Simon (2003), Knack (2001), señalan la necesidad de disponer de un mejor conocimiento sobre el capital social existente en una región antes de desarrollar las políticas y los proyectos de desarrollo. Se deben identificar las instituciones existentes, las relaciones sociales y las redes que están constituidas y que pueden ayudar o entorpecer el proceso de crecimiento. Según se recoge en la reciente base de datos que han elaborado Kaufmann y otros (1999) en el Banco Mundial, es claro que la "gobernanza importa" ("Governance Matters") y que cada vez más está siendo un criterio de selección de ayuda al desarrollo En este artículo analizamos la evolución del capital humano, capital social, la ayuda al desarrollo y el crecimiento económico de un conjunto de economías Latinoamericanas, con el objetivo de identificar las buenas prácticas asociadas a los indicadores antes mencionados, así como los problemas derivados de la falta de los mismos. Estudiaremos de modo especial la ayuda al desarrollo en materia, planteando un modelo de crecimiento en el que se consideran los aspectos a los que nos hemos referido anteriormente.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://repec.economicsofeducation.com/2010zaragoza/05-53.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

as in new window

This chapter was published in:

  • María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Greg (ed.), 2010. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 5, number 05, 9.
    This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5 with number 05-53.

    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-53

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: ayudas al desarrollo; capital social; educación; crecimiento económico; cooperación; Latinoamérica;

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. José Boza Chirino & Juan Miguel Báez Melián, 2003. "Un modelo MIMIC para estudiar la Eficacia de la Ayuda Oficial al Desarrollo," Documentos de trabajo conjunto ULL-ULPGC 2003-02, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la ULPGC.
    2. John F. Helliwell, 1996. "Economic Growth and Social Capital in Asia," NBER Working Papers 5470, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. " Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
    4. Michael A. Clemens & Steven Radelet & Rikhil Bhavnani, 2004. "Counting chickens when they hatch: The short-term effect of aid on growth," International Finance 0407010, EconWPA.
    5. Dollar, David & Alesina, Alberto, 2000. "Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?," Scholarly Articles 4553020, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    6. Paul F. Whiteley, 2000. "Economic Growth and Social Capital," Political Studies, Political Studies Association, vol. 48(3), pages 443-466, 06.
    7. Elizabeth Asiedu & Boaz Nandwa, 2007. "On the Impact of Foreign Aid in Education on Growth: How Relevant is the Heterogeneity of Aid Flows and the Heterogeneity of Aid Recipients?," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 200701, University of Kansas, Department of Economics.
    8. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1999. "Governance matters," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2196, The World Bank.
    9. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 1999. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2041, The World Bank.
    10. Asiedu, Elizabeth & Nandwa, Boaz, 2007. "The Impact of Foreign Aid in Education Growth: How Relevant is the Heterogeneity of Aid Flows and the Heterogeneity of Aid Recipients," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Raghuram G. Rajan & Arvind Subramanian, 2005. "Aid and Growth: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?," NBER Working Papers 11513, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Beugelsdijk, S. & Schaik, A.B.T.M. van, 2001. "Social Capital and Regional Economic Growth," Discussion Paper 2001-102, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    13. Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina N. & Mavrotas, George, 2008. "Aid Effectiveness: Looking at the Aid-Social Capital-Growth Nexus," Working Paper Series RP2008/75, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    14. Carl-Johan Dalgaard & Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2004. "On The Empirics of Foreign Aid and Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(496), pages F191-F216, 06.
    15. Woolcock, Michael & Narayan, Deepa, 2000. "Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 225-49, August.
    16. Knack, Stephen & Keefer, Philip, 1997. "Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1251-88, November.
    17. Stephen Knack, 2001. "Aid Dependence and the Quality of Governance: Cross-Country Empirical Tests," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(2), pages 310-329, October.
    18. John F. Helliwell & Robert D. Putnam, 1995. "Economic Growth and Social Capital in Italy," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 295-307, Summer.
    19. Knack, Stephen & Eubank, Nicholas, 2009. "Aid and trust in country systems," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5005, The World Bank.
    20. Mosley, Paul & Hudson, John & Horrell, Sara, 1987. "Aid, the Public Sector and the Market in Less Developed Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(387), pages 616-41, September.
    21. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Lisa CHAUVET, 1999. "Aid and Performance: A Reassessment," Working Papers 199910, CERDI.
    22. Feyzioglu, Tarhan & Swaroop, Vinaya & Zhu, Min, 1998. "A Panel Data Analysis of the Fungibility of Foreign Aid," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(1), pages 29-58, January.
    23. Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2000. "Aid effectiveness disputed," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 375-398.
    24. Boone, Peter, 1996. "Politics and the effectiveness of foreign aid," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 289-329, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-53. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.