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Eco-Innovation - putting the EU on the path to a resource and energy efficient economy


Author Info

  • Bleischwitz, Raimund
  • Bahn-Walkowiak, Bettina
  • Irrek, Wolfgang
  • Schepelmann, Phillip
  • Schmidt-Bleek, Friedrich
  • Giljum, Stefan
  • Lutter, Stephan
  • Bohunovski, Lisa
  • Hinterberger, Friedrich
  • Hawkins, Elizabeth
  • Kuhndt, Michael
  • Pratt, Nadine


The inefficient resource use at a time of growing demand is leading to increasing environmental pressure and resources scarcity that will affect Europe and other parts of the world over the next years and decades. Prices for global commodities like oil, raw materials and wheat have been increasing over the past five years though the current financial crisis has temporarily led to lowering demand for natural resources. Achieving resource efficiency and a low carbon society are key challenges for the future of EU's economy, its industrial and service sector, and its citizens. Eco-innovation - putting the EU on the path to a resource and energy efficient economy - can be seen as a key to enhancing Europe's strategic position on world markets of tomorrow. In this regard, the current bail out of the financial crisis ought to be seen as a starting point for the build up of eco-innovation and eco-industries in the EU. The objective of this study is to support the European Parliament's ITRE Committee in its work on the EU's industrial and energy policy and to give advice on the following issues: Why is the issue of resource scarcity back on the agenda? What are the strategic conclusions for the EU? What can the EU expect from eco-innovation in a large range of industrial sectors? Are existing measures meeting the EU aims and expectations, and what new policy initiatives should be set forward? -- Die Nachfrage nach Ressourcen wächst weiter, die Preise für globale Güter wie Öl, Weizen und andere Rohstoffe sind in den letzten fünf Jahren stetig angestiegen, obwohl die aktuelle Finanzkrise zeitweise zu einer sinkenden Nachfrage geführt hat. Somit verstärkt sich der aus einer ineffizienten Ressourcennutzung resultierende Druck auf Umwelt und Wirtschaft. Eine steigende Energie- und Ressourceneffizienz würde zu sinkenden Beschaffungskosten in allen Industriebereichen führen, die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit stärken sowie Innovationen fördern. Diese Studie soll die Kommission ITRE des Europäischen Parlaments in ihrer Arbeit für die europäische Industrie- und Energiepolitik unterstützen und folgende Fragestellungen klären: Welche Konsequenzen zieht die EU aus dem Problem der Ressourcenknappheit in Hinblick auf ihre Strategie? Welche Effekte können von ökologischen Innovationen für die Industrie erwartet werden? Welche Maßnahmen sind geeignet, die Ziele und Erwartungen der EU zu erfüllen und welche politischen Initiativen sollten vorangetrieben werden? Die Studie gibt zunächst eine überblicksartige Darstellung zum Thema Ressourcenknappheit. Danach werden Öko-Innovationen näher vorgestellt und Entwicklungen, Hindernisse und Antriebskräfte mit einbezogen. Anschließend werden Vorschläge für zukünftige EU-Politiken gegeben und schließlich ein mögliches Zukunftsszenario umrissen.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy in its series Wuppertal Spezial with number 38 and published in 2009.

Volume: 38
Handle: RePEc:zbw:wupspe:38

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  1. European Commission, 2011. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2011 edition," Taxation trends, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission 2011, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  2. A. Greening, Lorna & Greene, David L. & Difiglio, Carmen, 2000. "Energy efficiency and consumption -- the rebound effect -- a survey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(6-7), pages 389-401, June.
  3. Bleischwitz, Raimund, 2003. "Cognitive and institutional perspectives of eco-efficiency," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 453-467, October.
  4. European Commission, 2007. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2007 edition," Taxation trends, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission 2007, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
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Cited by:
  1. Lars-Morten Andersen & Raimund Bleischwitz, 2009. "Informational Barriers to Energy Efficiency - Theory and European Policies," Bruges European Economic Research Papers, European Economic Studies Department, College of Europe 15, European Economic Studies Department, College of Europe.
  2. Doran, Justin & Ryan, Geraldine, 2012. "Regulation and Firm Perception, Eco-Innovation and Firm Performance," MPRA Paper 44578, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Huriye SABANCI ÖZER, 2012. "A Review of the Literature on Process Innovation in Remanufacturing," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, Econjournals, vol. 2(3), pages 139-155.
  4. Philipp Schepelmann, 2010. "From Beast to Beauty? Ecological industry policy in North Rhine-Westphalia," EKONOMIAZ, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 75(04), pages 104-121.


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