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The Health Workforce in Ethiopia : Addressing the Remaining Challenges

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  • Berhanu Feysia
  • Christopher H. Herbst
  • Wuleta Lemma
  • Agnes Soucat
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    Abstract

    Health indicators in Ethiopia, particularly on child health and malaria, have improved significantly in recent years, with the next challenge now focused on improving maternal health indicators. Improvements in child health and malaria in particular can be attributed to strong government commitment towards health results, reflected in a number of notable policies and programs related to Human Resources for Health (HRH), in particular the health extension worker program. However, indicators related to maternal health remain problematic. Ethiopia has one of the lowest levels of assisted deliveries in the region. Although increases in the number of health workers particularly in rural areas may have contributed to improving access to some health services, it is in the government's interest to further improve the stock, distribution, and performance of relevant health workers in Ethiopia, particularly to bring about improvement in access to maternal health services for the poor. This document reviews the current HRH situation in Ethiopia, summarizes the evidence on population use of select health services, and offers relevant policy options to assist the government finalize its new human resources strategy and address remaining health challenges.

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    File URL: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/2226/662180PUB0EPI00pia0health0workforse.pdf?sequence=1
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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by The World Bank in its series World Bank Publications with number 2226 and published in 2012.

    ISBN: 978-0-8213-8984-3
    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:2226

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    Web page: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org
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    Related research

    Keywords: Health; Nutrition and Population - Population Policies Health; Nutrition and Population - Health Monitoring and Evaluation Health; Nutrition and Population - Health Systems Development & Reform Health; Nutrition and Population - Disease Control & Prevention Gender - Gender and Health Health; Nutrition and Population;

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    1. Pieter Serneels & Jose G. Montalvo & Gunilla Pettersson & Tomas Lievens & Jean Damascene Butera & Aklilu Kidanu, 2010. "Who Wants to Work in a Rural Health Post? The Role of Intrinsic Motivation, Rural Background and Faith-Based Institutions in Rwanda and Ethiopia," CSAE Working Paper Series 2010-10, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    2. Serneels, Pieter & Lindelow, Magnus & Garcia-Montalvo, Jose & Barr, Abigail, 2005. "For public service or money : understanding geographical imbalances in the health workforce," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3686, The World Bank.
    3. Connell, John & Zurn, Pascal & Stilwell, Barbara & Awases, Magda & Braichet, Jean-Marc, 2007. "Sub-Saharan Africa: Beyond the health worker migration crisis?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 64(9), pages 1876-1891, May.
    4. Marko Vujicic & Kelechi Ohiri & Susan Sparkes, 2009. "Working in Health : Financing and Managing the Public Sector Health Workforce," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2621.
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