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Natural Resources and Violent Conflict : Options and Actions

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  • Ian Bannon
  • Paul Collier
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    Abstract

    Recent research undertaken by the Bank and others, suggest that developing countries face substantially higher risks of violent conflict, and poor governance if highly dependent on primary commodities. Revenues from the legal, or illegal exploitation of natural resources have financed devastating conflicts in large numbers of countries across regions. When a conflict erupts, it not only sweeps away decades of painstaking development efforts, but creates costs and consequences-economic, social, political, regional-that live on for decades. The outbreak of violent domestic conflict amounts to a spectacular failure of development-in essence, development in reverse. Even where countries initially manage to avoid violent conflict, large rents from natural resources can weaken state structures, and make governments less accountable, often leading to the emergence of secessionist rebellions, and all-out civil war. Although natural resources are never the sole source of conflict, and do not make conflict inevitable, the presence of abundant primary commodities, especially in low-income countries, exacerbates the risks of conflict and, if conflict does break out, tends to prolong it and makes it harder to resolve. As the Governance of Natural Resources Project (a research project) took shape, the discussion moved toward practical approaches and policies that could be adopted by the international community. This book presents the papers commissioned under the Governance of Natural Resources Project, offering a rich array of approaches and suggestions that are feeding into the international policy debate, and hopefully lead, over time to concerted international action, to help developing countries better manage their resource wealth, and turn this wealth into a driver of development rather than of conflict.

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    File URL: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/15047/282450Natural0resources0violent0conflict.pdf?sequence=1
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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by The World Bank in its series World Bank Publications with number 15047 and published in 2003.

    ISBN: 0-8213-5503-1
    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:15047

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    Postal: 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433
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    Web page: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org
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    Related research

    Keywords: Social Development - Social Conflict and Violence Environmental Economics and Policies Health Economics and Finance Peace and Peacekeeping Governance - Governance Indicators Health; Nutrition and Population;

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Lisa CHAUVET, 1999. "Aid and Performance: A Reassessment," Working Papers, CERDI 199910, CERDI.
    2. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Jean-Louis COMBES, 2000. "Commodity Price Volatility, Vulnerability and Development," Working Papers, CERDI 200015, CERDI.
    3. Jean-Louis ARCAND & Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY, 2001. "Are Policy Reform and Growth in Africa Sustainable?," Working Papers, CERDI 200105, CERDI.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Bulte, Erwin & Wick, Katharina, 2005. "Contesting Resources - Rent Seeking, Conflict and the Natural Resource Curse," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics 36, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    2. Theodore H. Moran, 2013. "Avoiding the "Resource Curse" in Mongolia," Policy Briefs, Peterson Institute for International Economics PB13-18, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    3. World Bank, 2005. "Conflict in Somalia : Drivers and Dynamics," World Bank Other Operational Studies, The World Bank 8476, The World Bank.
    4. Matthias Basedau, 2005. "Context Matters – Rethinking the Resource Curse in Sub-Saharan Africa," GIGA Working Paper Series, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies 01, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
    5. Cockx, Lara & Francken, Nathalie, 2014. "Extending the concept of the resource curse : Natural resources and public spending on health," IOB Working Papers, Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB) 2014.01, Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB).
    6. Matthias Basedau, 2005. "Context Matters – Rethinking the Resource Curse in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economic History, EconWPA 0508002, EconWPA.

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