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Wealth and Welfare States: Is America a Laggard or Leader?

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Author Info

  • Garfinkel, Irwin

    (Mitchell I. Ginsberg Professor of Contemporary Urban Problems, Columbia University School of Social Work)

  • Rainwater, Lee

    (Professor of Sociology Emeritus, Harvard University)

  • Smeeding, Timothy

    (Arts and Sciences Distinguished Professor of Public Affairs and Economics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison)

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    Abstract

    This book explores the role of the welfare state in the overall wealth and wellbeing of nations and in particular looks at the American welfare state in comparison with other developed nations in Europe and elsewhere. It is widely believed that the welfare state undermines productivity and economic growth, that the United States has an unusually small welfare state, and that it is, and always has been, a welfare state laggard. This book shows that all rich nations, including the United States, have large welfare states because the socialized programs that comprise the welfare state-public education and health and social insurance--enhance the productivity of capitalism. In public education, the most productive part of the welfare state, for most of the 19th and 20th centuries, the United States was a leader. Though few would argue that public education is not part of the welfare state, most previous cross national analyses of welfare states have omitted education. Including education has profound consequences, undergirding the case for the productivity of welfare state programs and the explanation for why all rich nations have large welfare states, and identifying US welfare state leadership. From 1968 through 2006, the United States swung right politically and lost its lead in education and opportunity, failed to adopt universal health insurance and experienced the most rapid explosion of health care costs and economic inequality in the rich world. The American welfare state faces large challenges. Restoring its historical lead in education is the most important but requires investing large sums in education, beginning with universal pre-school and in complementary programs that aid children's development. The American health insurance system is by far the most costly in the rich world, yet fails to insure one sixth of its population, produces below average results, crowds out useful investments in children, and is the least equitably financed. Achieving universal coverage will increase costs. Only complete government financing is likely to restrain long term costs. In memory of Robert J. Lampman Colleague, Co-author, Friend and Mentor

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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by Oxford University Press in its series OUP Catalogue with number 9780199579310 and published in 2010.

    ISBN: 9780199579310
    Order: http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199579310.do
    Handle: RePEc:oxp:obooks:9780199579310

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    Web page: http://www.oup.com/

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    Cited by:
    1. Esping-Andersen, Gosta & Garfinkel, Irwin & Han, Wen-Jui & Magnuson, Katherine & Wagner, Sander & Waldfogel, Jane, 2012. "Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 576-589.
    2. Torben M. Andersen & Joydeep Bhattacharya, 2013. "The Intergenerational Welfare State," CESifo Working Paper Series 4359, CESifo Group Munich.

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