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La société de défiance : comment le modèle social français s'autodétruit ?

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Author Info

  • Algan, Yann
  • Cahuc, Pierre

Abstract

La France est engagée dans un cercle vicieux dont les coûts économiques et sociaux sont considérables. Depuis plus de vingt ans, des enquêtes menées dans tous les pays développés révèlent qu'ici plus qu'ailleurs, on se méfie de ses concitoyens, des pouvoirs publics et du marché. Cette défiance allant de pair avec un incivisme plus fréquent. Or la défiance et l'incivisme, loin d'être des traits culturels immuables, sont alimentés par le corporatisme et l'étatisme du modèle social français. En retour, le manque de confiance des Français entrave leurs capacités de coopération, ce qui conduit l'État à tout réglementer et à vider de son contenu le dialogue social. En comparant les relations entre les performances économiques et les attitudes sociales dans une trentaine de pays du début des années 1950 à nos jours, Yann Algan et Pierre Cahuc montrent comment ce déficit de confiance réduit significativement l'emploi, la croissance et, surtout, l'aptitude des Français au bonheur.

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File URL: http://www.cepremap.fr/depot/opus/OPUS09.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by CEPREMAP in its series Opuscules du CEPREMAP with number 09 and published in 2007.

ISBN: 978-7288-0396-5
Handle: RePEc:cpm:opuscl:09

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Cited by:
  1. Jean Cartier-Bresson, 2013. "Le pouvoir du positivisme et ses limites : microéconométrie et macroéconométrie actuelles du développement," Working Papers hal-00847005, HAL.
  2. Pelletan, Jacques, 2009. "Offre et demande de sécurité : l’exemple du risque de criminalité," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/3479, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Henri Fraisse, 2010. "Labour Disputes and the Game of Legal Representation," CESifo Working Paper Series 3084, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Dominique Ami & Frédéric Aprahamian & Olivier Chanel & Stephane Luchini, 2009. "A Test Of Cheap Talk In Different Hypothetical Contexts: The Case Of Air Pollution," Working Papers halshs-00382511, HAL.
  5. Eloi Laurent & Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2008. "Hawk and handsaws: What can France learn from the “Nordic Model”?," Sciences Po publications 168, Sciences Po.
  6. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
  7. Sirven, Nicolas & Berchet, Caroline, 2011. "Cross-Country Performance in Social Integration of Older Migrants – A European Perspective," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/9267, Paris Dauphine University.

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