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Earnings Management by Japanese Bank Managers Using Discretionary Loan Loss Provisions


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  • Wikil Kwak

    (University of Nebraska at Omaha, College of Business Administration, Department of Accounting, RH 408K, Omaha, NE 68182, USA)

  • Ho-Young Lee

    (Yonsei University, School of Business, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-749, South Korea)

  • Susan W. Eldridge

    (University of Nebraska at Omaha, College of Business Administration, Department of Accounting, RH 408H, Omaha, NE 68182, USA)

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    This paper investigates Japanese bank managers' use of the discretionary component of loan loss provisions to manage earnings during the recession of the late 1990s. Although studies of US banks document that bank managers use loan loss provisions to smooth earnings, manage regulatory capital, and signal undervaluation, factors that may affect discretionary loan loss provisions in Japanese banks have not been empirically examined. We find that discretionary loan loss provisions for our sample of Japanese banks are positively related to the demand for external financing, realized securities gains, and prior year taxes and are negatively related to capital and pre-managed earnings.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 01 ()
    Pages: 1-26

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    Handle: RePEc:wsi:rpbfmp:v:12:y:2009:i:01:p:1-26

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    Keywords: Earnings management; Japanese bank managers; discretionary loan loss provisions;

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    Cited by:
    1. Fatima Alali & Bikki Jaggi, 2011. "Earnings versus capital ratios management: role of bank types and SFAS 114," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 105-132, January.


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