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The Impact Of Migration On The Labor Markets In The Arab Mediterranean Countries

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  • FRANCESCA MARCHETTA

    ()
    (CERDI, Université d’Auvergne 65, bd. F. Mitterrand, BP 320, F-63009 Clermont-Ferrand, France)

Abstract

We provide an extensive theoretical overview of the rich array of effects that migration out of Arab Mediterranean Countries can produce on their labor markets and a review of the existing empirical evidence. Migration is found to reduce unemployment, but it exerts little to no effect on participation rates, because of the cultural resistance to a more active female engagement, and because of the positive income effect brought about by remittances. Furthermore, the brain drain is found to be a serious concern for some Arab Mediterranean Countries (AMCs), while other countries stand to benefit from skilled migration. While relevant knowledge gaps remain, the value-added of this paper is represented by the layout of a broad analytical framework to systematize the findings for future research.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Middle East Development Journal.

Volume (Year): 04 (2012)
Issue (Month): 01 ()
Pages: 1230001-1-1230001-47

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Handle: RePEc:wsi:medjxx:v:04:y:2012:i:01:p:1230001-1-1230001-47

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Keywords: Migration; labor market; Arab Mediterranean Countries; literature review;

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Cited by:
  1. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & David, Anda Mariana, 2014. "Skill Mismatch and Migration in Egypt and Tunisia," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/13140, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Martin Kahanec, 2013. "Skilled Labor Flows: Lessons from the European Union," Research Reports 1, Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).
  3. Kahanec, Martin, 2012. "Report No. 49: Skilled Labor Flows: Lessons from the European Union," IZA Research Reports 49, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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