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Moroccans' Assimilation In Spain: Family-Based Versus Labor-Based Migration

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  • NÚRIA RODRÍGUEZ-PLANAS

    ()
    (Economics Department, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, MOVE, and CREMed, Barcelona, Spain)

  • RAQUEL VEGAS

    (FEDEA, Madrid, Spain)

Abstract

An important immigration policy question is to identify the best criteria to select among potential migrants. At least two methodological problems arise: The host country's immigration policy regime's endogeneity and immigrants' unobserved heterogeneity. To address the first problem, we focus on a country with an unprecedented immigration boom that lets immigrants freely into the country, for example Spain. To address the second problem, we focus on a large and homogenous group of immigrants: Moroccans. Using the 2007 Encuesta Nacional de Immigración (ENI), we find that family-based immigrants are less likely to work than their labor-based counterparts both upon their arrival and ten years later. This conclusion was made by focusing on a very homogenous group of migrants (Moroccans) who tend to be low-skilled, and after controlling for the migrants' self-selection with employment history prior to and at arrival. Our Heckman-corrected estimates highlight that there are no monthly earnings differences by reason of arrival, and that failure to correct for labor force participation strongly biases these results.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Middle East Development Journal.

Volume (Year): 03 (2011)
Issue (Month): 02 ()
Pages: 119-139

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Handle: RePEc:wsi:medjxx:v:03:y:2011:i:02:p:119-139

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Keywords: Legal and employment assimilation; Southern and Eastern Mediterranean men and women;

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References

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  1. Raquel Vegas & Brindusa Anghel, 2010. "Reagrupación familiar de los inmigrantes en España. Incidencia en los gastos de protección social," Economic Reports 04-2010, FEDEA.
  2. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Sara de la Rica, 2008. "Does Immigration Raise Natives’ Income? National and Regional Evidence from Spain," Working Papers 2008-17, FEDEA.
  3. Paul W. Miller, 1999. "Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality: The Australian Points System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 192-197, May.
  4. Weiss, Y. & Gotlibovski, M., 1995. "Immigration, Search and Loss of Kill," Papers 34-95, Tel Aviv.
  5. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A, 2000. "Do Selection Criteria Make a Difference? Visa Category and the Labour Market Status of Immigrants to Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 76(232), pages 15-31, March.
  6. Constant, Amelie & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2006. "Legal Status at Entry, Economic Performance and Self-Employment Proclivity: A Bi-National Study of Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 5696, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Esteban Sanromà & Raúl Ramos & Hipólito Simón, 2009. "Immigrant wages in the Spanish labour market: does the origin of human capital matter?," Working Papers 2009/8, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  8. Aydemir, Abdurrahman, 2010. "Immigrant Selection and Short-Term Labour Market Outcomes by Visa Category," IZA Discussion Papers 4966, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Amuedo Dorantes, Catalina & De la Rica Goiricelaya, Sara, 2005. "Immigrants Responsiveness to Labor Market Conditions," DFAEII Working Papers 2005-03, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  10. Joanne K. Lindley & Angela Dale & Shirley Dex, 2006. "Ethnic differences in women's employment: the changing role of qualifications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 351-378, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Luciana Méndez Errico, 2013. "The Impacts of Social Networks on Immigrants’ Employment Prospects: The Spanish Case 1997-2007," Working Papers wpdea1301, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.

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