Moroccans' Assimilation In Spain: Family-Based Versus Labor-Based Migration
AbstractAn important immigration policy question is to identify the best criteria to select among potential migrants. At least two methodological problems arise: The host country's immigration policy regime's endogeneity and immigrants' unobserved heterogeneity. To address the first problem, we focus on a country with an unprecedented immigration boom that lets immigrants freely into the country, for example Spain. To address the second problem, we focus on a large and homogenous group of immigrants: Moroccans. Using the 2007 Encuesta Nacional de Immigración (ENI), we find that family-based immigrants are less likely to work than their labor-based counterparts both upon their arrival and ten years later. This conclusion was made by focusing on a very homogenous group of migrants (Moroccans) who tend to be low-skilled, and after controlling for the migrants' self-selection with employment history prior to and at arrival. Our Heckman-corrected estimates highlight that there are no monthly earnings differences by reason of arrival, and that failure to correct for labor force participation strongly biases these results.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Middle East Development Journal.
Volume (Year): 03 (2011)
Issue (Month): 02 ()
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Web page: http://www.worldscinet.com/medj/medj.shtml
Other versions of this item:
- Rodríguez-Planas, Núria & Vegas, Raquel, 2012. "Moroccans' Assimilation in Spain: Family-Based versus Labor-Based Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 6368, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
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