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Centralization, Decentralization And Conflict In The Middle East And North Africa

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  • MEHMET SERKAN TOSUN

    ()
    (Department of Economics, College of Business, University of Nevada-Reno, Reno, Mail Stop 0030, Nevada 89557, USA; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany)

  • SERDAR YILMAZ

    ()
    (Social Development Department, World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington D.C. 20433, USA)

Abstract

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has one of the most centralized government structures in the world. In this paper, we examine the causes of decentralization in the region by conducting a cross-country regression analysis. We use panel data for a set of MENA countries to understand the factors behind heavy centralization. Our findings show that external conflicts constitute a major roadblock to decentralization in the region.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Middle East Development Journal.

Volume (Year): 02 (2010)
Issue (Month): 01 ()
Pages: 1-14

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Handle: RePEc:wsi:medjxx:v:02:y:2010:i:01:p:1-14

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Keywords: Fiscal decentralization; centralization; external conflict; Middle East and North Africa;

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  1. Arzaghi, Mohammad & Henderson, J. Vernon, 2005. "Why countries are fiscally decentralizing," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(7), pages 1157-1189, July.
  2. Metin M. Cosgel & Thomas J. Miceli, 2003. "Risk, Transaction Costs, and Tax Assignment: Government Finance in the Ottoman Empire," Working papers 2003-04, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2004.
  3. Panizza, Ugo, 1999. "On the determinants of fiscal centralization: Theory and evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 97-139, October.
  4. Ebel, Robert D. & Yilmaz, Serdar, 2002. "On the measurement and impact of fiscal decentralization," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2809, The World Bank.
  5. Metin M. Cosgel, 2004. "Efficiency and Continuity in Public Finance: The Ottoman System of Taxation," Working papers 2004-02, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2004.
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