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Female Entrepreneurship In Afghanistan

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Author Info

  • MAGNUS HOLMÉN

    ()
    (Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Göteborg, Sweden)

  • THAW TAR MIN

    (Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Göteborg, Sweden)

  • EMILIA SAARELAINEN

    (Innovation Democracy Inc., 5273 Tendilla Avenue, Woodland Hills, CA 91364, USA)

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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes the motivations of eight female Afghan entrepreneurs to start up their own business and the problems they encountered during start-up and operations. Income generation was the most important push factor but pull factors including desire for independence and autonomy were also important. However, in contrast to studies in other countries, the desire for achievement was not emphasized. An unexpected finding was the emphasis on the desire to help non-family members by running a business. The main problems included financial problems during start-up and operations, lack of contacts and security during operations. Gender-specific problems included limited market, mobility constraints and negative attitudes and lack of social acceptance for female entrepreneurs. The paper concludes with a discussion of the findings.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 03 ()
    Pages: 307-331

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    Handle: RePEc:wsi:jdexxx:v:16:y:2011:i:03:p:307-331

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    Related research

    Keywords: Female entrepreneurship; developing countries; motivation; problem; Afghanistan;

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