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Entrepreneurship Development: Smes In Indonesia

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  • TULUS TAMBUNAN

    ()
    (Center for Industry and SME Studies, Faculty of, Economics, University of Trisakti, Indonesia, Jl. Kiyai Tapa No.1, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia)

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    Abstract

    The Indonesian government has been trying to encourage entrepreneurship development by supporting the development of small and medium enterprises in the country, since these enterprises provide an avenue for the testing and development of entrepreneurial ability. This paper examines the current developments of SMEs in the country. The paper comes with a number of interesting facts. First, SMEs are of overwhelming importance in Indonesia, as they account for more than 90 percent of all firms outside the agricultural sector, and thus are the biggest source of employment. Second, the representation of women entrepreneurs is low. Third, women entrepreneurs are less educated than their men counterparts. Fourth, the main constraints faced by small entrepreneurs are lack of working capital and marketing difficulties. Finally, the majority of existing studies suggest that the effectiveness of government programs to support SME development programs is low. The paper concludes that in national efforts to develop high competitive entrepreneurships, owners of small enterprises should be given the first priority as they have some previous experience of running a business or of how to survive in competitive markets, and the emphasis should be to promote modernization, capacity building and size upgrading.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 01 ()
    Pages: 95-118

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    Handle: RePEc:wsi:jdexxx:v:12:y:2007:i:01:p:95-118

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    Related research

    Keywords: Small and medium enterprises (SMEs); microenterprises (MIEs); small enterprises (SEs); medium enterprises (MEs); women entrepreneurs; entrepreneurship;

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    Cited by:
    1. Aloysius Gunadi, Brata, 2007. "Spatial Concentration of the Informal Small and Cottage Industry in Indonesia," MPRA Paper 12622, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.

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    1. Unternehmertum in Wikipedia (German)

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