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An analysis of Taiwan's energy ecological efficiency and the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol

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  • Yen-Lan Liu

    (National Taiwan University, Graduate Institute of Geography Department, Taipei City, Taiwan (R.O.C.))

  • Kang-tsung Chang

    (Kainan University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (R.O.C.))

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    Abstract

    This paper examines and discusses core issues relating to ecological pressure and climate policy performance in Taiwan, given Taiwan's status as a non-signer of the Kyoto Protocol. Taiwan's CO 2 emissions account for 0.9 percent of the world's total, making it the 23rd largest producer of global CO 2 emissions. To better understand Taiwan's performance in energy efficiency, this study calculates Taiwan's energy ecological footprint (EEF) and its ecological debt and eco-energy efficiency (EEE) from 1990 to 2005. These measures are then used in cross-national comparisons of EEF and EEE between Taiwan and Annex 1 and non-Annex-1 countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, a regional comparison of the same indices is made between Taiwan, Japan and the Republic of Korea. The results suggest that Taiwan would experience a decline in its EEF and an increase in its eco-energy efficiency if it were to sign the Kyoto Protocol and to implement policies for better management of energy resources. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/sd.392
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Sustainable Development.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 1-11

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:sustdv:v:18:y:2010:i:1:p:1-11

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    Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1099-1719

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    1. Jin, Sang-Hyeon, 2007. "The effectiveness of energy efficiency improvement in a developing country: Rebound effect of residential electricity use in South Korea," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 5622-5629, November.
    2. Erling Holden & Kristin Linnerud, 2007. "The sustainable development area: satisfying basic needs and safeguarding ecological sustainability," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(3), pages 174-187.
    3. Bicknell, Kathryn B. & Ball, Richard J. & Cullen, Ross & Bigsby, Hugh R., 1998. "New methodology for the ecological footprint with an application to the New Zealand economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 149-160, November.
    4. White, Thomas, 2000. "Diet and the distribution of environmental impact," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 145-153, July.
    5. Muniz, Ivan & Galindo, Anna, 2005. "Urban form and the ecological footprint of commuting. The case of Barcelona," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 499-514, December.
    6. Lenzen, Manfred & Murray, Shauna A., 2001. "A modified ecological footprint method and its application to Australia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 229-255, May.
    7. Ali Bagheri & Peder Hjorth, 2007. "Planning for sustainable development: a paradigm shift towards a process-based approach," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 83-96.
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