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Does supported employment work?

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Author Info

  • Melayne Morgan McInnes

    (Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of South Carolina)

  • Orgul Demet Ozturk

    (Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of South Carolina)

  • Suzanne McDermott

    (Professor, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina)

  • Joshua R. Mann

    (Associate Professor, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina)

Abstract

Providing employment-related services, including supported employment through job coaches, has been a priority in federal policy since the enactment of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act in 1984. We take advantage of a unique panel data set of all clients served by the South Carolina Department of Disabilities and Special Needs between 1999 and 2005 to investigate whether job coaching leads to stable employment in community settings. The data contain information on individual characteristics, such as IQ and the presence of emotional and behavioral problems, that are likely to affect both employment propensity and likelihood of receiving job coaching. Our results show that unobserved individual characteristics and endogeneity strongly bias naive estimates of the effects of job coaching. However, even after correcting for these biases, an economically and statistically significant treatment effect remains. © 2010 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/pam.20507
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

Volume (Year): 29 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 506-525

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Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:29:y:2010:i:3:p:506-525

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Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/34787/home

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  1. Stuart Kerachsky & Craig Thornton & Anne Bloomenthal & Rebecca Maynard & Susan Stephens., 1985. "Impacts of Transitional Employment on Mentally Retarded Young Adults: Results of the STETS Demonstration," Mathematica Policy Research Reports, Mathematica Policy Research 610, Mathematica Policy Research.
  2. Arild Aakvik & James J. Heckman & Edward J. Vytlacil, 2000. "Treatment Effects for Discrete Outcomes when Responses to Treatment Vary Among Observationally Identical Persons: An Application to Norwegian ..," NBER Technical Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 0262, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Mark E Schaffer, 2005. "XTIVREG2: Stata module to perform extended IV/2SLS, GMM and AC/HAC, LIML and k-class regression for panel data models," Statistical Software Components S456501, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 24 Jul 2012.
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Cited by:
  1. McInnes, Melayne & Ozturk, Orgul & McDermott, Suzanne & Mann, Joshua, 2013. "Improved Targeting of Social Programs: An Application to a State Job Coaching Program for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities," MPRA Paper 51392, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Parmenter, Trevor R, 2011. "Promoting training and employment opportunities for people with intellectual disabilities : international experience," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 466350, International Labour Organization.

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