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The impact of child SSI enrollment on household outcomes

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  • Mark G. Duggan

    (University of Maryland)

  • Melissa Schettini Kearney

    (University of Maryland)

Abstract

We use data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to investigate the impact that child Supplemental Security Income (SSI) enrollment has on household outcomes, including poverty, household earnings, and health insurance coverage. The longitudinal nature of the SIPP allows us to control for unobserved, time-invariant differences across households by measuring outcomes in the same household in the months leading up to and immediately following the first reporting of child SSI income. Our regression analyses demonstrate that for every $100 increase in household SSI income, total household income increases by roughly $72, reflecting some modest offset of other transfer income and conditional household earnings. Our analyses further demonstrate that child SSI enrollment is associated with a statistically significant and persistent reduction in the probability that a child lives in poverty of roughly 11 percentage points. Additional analyses suggest that program enrollment has virtually no impact on health insurance coverage because most new SSI recipients have health insurance from Medicaid or another source at the time of enrollment. © 2007 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/pam.20289
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

Volume (Year): 26 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 861-886

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Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:26:y:2007:i:4:p:861-886

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Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/34787/home

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  1. Mary C. Daly & Richard V. Burkhauser, 2002. "The Supplemental Security Income program," Working Paper Series, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco 2002-20, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  2. Heckman, J J & Tobias, Justin & Vytlacil, Ed, 2001. "Four Parameters of Interest in the Evaluation of Social Programs," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 12022, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  3. Kubik, Jeffrey D., 2003. "Fiscal Federalism and Welfare Policy: The Role of States in the Growth of Child SSI," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 56(1), pages 61-79, March.
  4. Bowen Garrett & Sherry Glied, 2000. "Does state AFDC generosity affect child SSI participation?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(2), pages 275-295.
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Cited by:
  1. Mark Duggan & Perry Singleton & Jae Song, 2005. "Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and its Impact on the Disability Rolls," NBER Working Papers 11811, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Morrill, Melinda Sandler, 2011. "The effects of maternal employment on the health of school-age children," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 240-257, March.
  3. Lucie Schmidt & Lara Shore-Sheppard & Tara Watson, 2013. "The Effect of Safety Net Programs on Food Insecurity," NBER Working Papers 19558, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Wasi, Nada & den Berg, Bernard van & Buchmueller, Thomas C., 2012. "Heterogeneous effects of child disability on maternal labor supply: Evidence from the 2000 US Census," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 139-154.
  5. Lex Borghans & Anne C. Gielen & Erzo F.P. Luttmer, 2012. "Social Support Substitution and the Earnings Rebound: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity in Disability Insurance Reform," NBER Working Papers 18261, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Lucie Schmidt, 2013. "The New Safety Net? Supplemental Security Income after Welfare Reform," Department of Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics, Williams College 2013-07, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  7. Anne DeCesaro & Jeffrey Hemmeter, 2009. "Unmet Health Care Needs and Medical Out-of-Pocket Expenses of SSI Children," Mathematica Policy Research Reports, Mathematica Policy Research 6338, Mathematica Policy Research.

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