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Do two-year colleges increase overall educational attainment? Evidence from the states

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  • Cecilia Elena Rouse

    (Economics and Public Affairs, Princeton University)

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    Abstract

    Are two- or four-year colleges more efficient at increasing the educational attainment of young adults? I use state variation in two- and four-year college systems to address this question at the state level. I find that the composition and cost of higher education in a state affect the enrollment decisions of individuals in that state. Further, attending a two-year rather than a four-year college may lower the educational attainment of some students, but more students will benefit from the community college alternative. It also most likely costs the state more to educate a student in a four-year rather than a two-year college. As a result, community colleges provide a potentially efficient way to increase access to higher education as well as increase the overall educational attainment of a state's residents.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

    Volume (Year): 17 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 595-620

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:17:y:1998:i:4:p:595-620

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    Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/34787/home

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    1. Griliches, Zvi, 1977. "Estimating the Returns to Schooling: Some Econometric Problems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 45(1), pages 1-22, January.
    2. Kane, Thomas J & Rouse, Cecilia Elena, 1995. "Labor-Market Returns to Two- and Four-Year College," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 600-614, June.
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    Cited by:
    1. Ehrenberg, Ronald G. & Smith, Christopher L., 2004. "Analyzing the success of student transitions from 2- to 4-year institutions within a state," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 11-28, February.
    2. Giorgio Di Pietro, 2012. "The Bologna Process and widening participation in university education: new evidence from Italy," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 357-374, August.
    3. Fairlie, Robert W. & Grunberg, Samantha H., 2013. "Access to Technology and the Transfer Function of Community Colleges: Evidence from a Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 7764, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Grubb, W. Norton, 2002. "Learning and earning in the middle, part I: national studies of pre-baccalaureate education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 299-321, August.
    5. Alfonso, Mariana & Bailey, Thomas R. & Scott, Marc, 2005. "The educational outcomes of occupational sub-baccalaureate students: evidence from the 1990s," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 197-212, April.
    6. Bridget Terry Long & Michal Kurlaender, 2008. "Do Community Colleges provide a Viable Pathway to a Baccalaureate Degree?," NBER Working Papers 14367, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Lozano, Fernando A., 2008. "Language, high school leadership and the postsecondary outcomes of Hispanic students," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 342-353, June.
    8. Jepsen, Christopher, 2008. "Multinomial probit estimates of college completion at 2-year and 4-year schools," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 155-160, February.
    9. Nutting, Andrew W., 2008. "Costs of attendance and the educational programs of first-time community college students," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 450-459, August.
    10. Darwin Miller, 2007. "Isolating the Causal Impact of Community College Enrollment on Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes in Texas," Discussion Papers, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research 06-033, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    11. Ehrenberg, R.G.Ronald G., 2004. "Econometric studies of higher education," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 19-37.
    12. Saul Geiser and Richard C. Atkinson, 2010. "BEYOND THE MASTER PLAN: The Case for Restructuring Baccalaureate Education in California," University of California at Berkeley, Center for Studies in Higher Education, Center for Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley qt19d0t1gn, Center for Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley.

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