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Communities, wildlife and the 'new conservation' in Africa

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Author Info

  • David Hulme

    (Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, UK)

  • Marshall Murphree

    (Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe)

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    Abstract

    Over the last decade the concepts, policies and practices of conservation in Africa have begun to shift towards what has been viewed as a community-based approach. This introductory paper to the Policy Arena argues that the ideas underpinning this shift-a greater interest in local level and community-based natural resource management, the treatment of conservation as simply one of many forms of natural resource use and a belief in the contribution that markets can make to the achievement of conservation goals-are better understood as a 'new conservation'. This new conservation is presently diffusing through Africa both challenging 'fortress conservation' and working alongside it. It is no panacea for the problems that conservation faces but it does provide a basis from which more effective policies and institutions can evolve. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of International Development.

    Volume (Year): 11 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 277-285

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:11:y:1999:i:2:p:277-285

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    Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/5102/home

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    1. Roe, Emery M., 1995. "Except-Africa: Postscript to a special section on development narratives," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 1065-1069, June.
    2. Brandon, Katrina Eadie & Wells, Michael, 1992. "Planning for people and parks: Design dilemmas," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 557-570, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Mena, Carlos F. & Barbieri, Alisson F. & Walsh, Stephen J. & Erlien, Christine M. & Holt, Flora L. & Bilsborrow, Richard E., 2006. "Pressure on the Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve: Development and Land Use/Cover Change in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1831-1849, October.
    2. Adams, William M. & Infield, Mark, 2003. "Who is on the Gorilla's Payroll? Claims on Tourist Revenue From a Ugandan National Park," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 177-190, January.
    3. Fred Nelson, 2000. "Sustainable Development and Wildlife Conservation in Tanzanian Maasailand," Environment, Development and Sustainability, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 107-117, June.

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