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The value of the change in health in Sweden 1980|81 to 1996|97

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Author Info

  • Kristina Burström

    (Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Sweden)

  • Magnus Johannesson

    (Centre for Health Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden)

  • Finn Diderichsen

    (Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Sweden)

Abstract

The study aimed to estimate the value of the change in health in Sweden 1980|81 to 1996|97. Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for men and women at specific ages were estimated for 1980|81, 1988|89 and 1996|97, by combining survival rates and health state scores. Data from the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions (n=39 966) were used to estimate age-specific health state scores. Responses to selected survey questions were mapped into the EQ-5D measure, using the UK EQ-5D index tariff to derive health state scores. The monetary value of a QALY was assumed to be $100 000. Life expectancy for infants increased by 3.68 years for males and 2.70 years for females between 1980|81 and 1996|97. Average health status decreased in younger age groups whereas it increased in older age groups. Expected QALYs for infants increased by 2.64 for males and 0.54 for females. With 3% discounting the gain was 0.11 QALYs ($11 000) among males and a loss by 0.58 QALYs ($58 000) among females. The corresponding gain in discounted QALYs for a 75-year-old was 1.15 ($115 000) and 0.80 ($80 000), respectively. It is concluded that older persons have experienced considerable health gains whereas the health gains have been small or non-existent for younger women. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/hec.754
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 12 (2003)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 637-654

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Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:12:y:2003:i:8:p:637-654

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Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5749

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References

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  1. Michael Grossman, 1972. "The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gros72-1.
  2. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  3. Burstrom, Kristina & Johannesson, Magnus & Diderichsen, Finn, 2001. "Health-related quality of life by disease and socio-economic group in the general population in Sweden," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 51-69, January.
  4. Torrance, George W., 1986. "Measurement of health state utilities for economic appraisal : A review," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Nordin , Martin & Gerdtham , Ulf-G, 2010. "Why a positive link between age and income-related health inequality?," Working Papers 2010:12, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  2. Soares, Rodrigo R., 2007. "Health and the evolution of welfare across Brazilian municipalities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 590-608, November.
  3. Rodrigo Reis Soares, 2006. "On the determinants of mortality reductions in the developing world," Textos para discussão 529, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  4. Gerdtham, Ulf-G & Lundborg, Petter & Lyttkens, Carl Hampus & Nystedt, Paul, 2012. "Do Socioeconomic Factors Really Explain Income-Related Inequalities in Health? Applying a Twin Design to Standard Decomposition Analysis," Working Papers 2012:21, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  5. Shaheen, Rubina & Lindholm, Lars, 2006. "Quality of life among pregnant women with chronic energy deficiency in rural Bangladesh," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 78(2-3), pages 128-134, October.

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