Gender Equality and Economic Growth in Brazil
AbstractThis note studies the long-run impacts of policies aimed at fostering gender equality on economic growth in Brazil. After a brief review of gender issues in Brazil, this note describes a framework for quantifying the growth effects of gender-based policies in developing economies. The analysis is based on a computable overlapping generations (OLG) model that accounts for the impact of access to infrastructure on women’s time allocation, as well as human capital accumulation, inter- and intra-generational health externalities, and bargaining between spouses. The model is calibrated for Brazil and is used to conduct two experiments, the first involving improved access to infrastructure, and the second a reduction in gender bias in the marketplace. The key lesson of these experiments, among others reported in Agénor and Canuto (2013), is that fostering gender equality, which may depend significantly on the externalities that infrastructure creates in terms of women’s time allocation and bargaining power, can have a substantial impact on long-run growth in Brazil.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by The World Bank in its journal Economic Premise.
Volume (Year): (2013)
Issue (Month): 109 (March)
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
- D7 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
- I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
- J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
- R2 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis
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- Maarten Klaveren & Kea Tijdens & Melanie Hughie Williams & Nuria Ramos Martin, 2009. "WP 83 - An overview of women’s work and employment in Brazil," AIAS Working Papers wp83, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
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