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Social Protection Convergence in the European Union: Impact of Maastricht Treaty

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Author Info

  • Nicole Attia

    ()
    (University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CEMAFI, France)

  • Valérie Berenger

    ()
    (University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CEMAFI, France)

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    Abstract

    The main goal of this paper is to test the convergence of social protection expenditures and, more specifically, to examine the incidence of the Maastricht Treaty on this process. We tested several hypotheses of convergence on 12 EU Member States between 1980 and 2000, by considering two indicators: social protection expenditure as percentage of GDP and social protection expenditure per capita. The cross sectional tests of ? and ??convergence show that, for the two indicators, these two assumptions are checked for the whole of the period. On the other hand, the period division in two subperiods intended to locate the Maastricht effect indicates a rupture since 1993. Then, panel data estimations of conditional ?-convergence confirm the existence of a process of conditional convergence and reveal the significant role of the debt criterion of Maastricht. The coexistence of absolute and conditional ?-convergence is not incompatible. It evokes the possible idea of a European Social Snake rather than of a single Social Model.

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    File URL: http://www.panoeconomicus.rs/casopis/osmibroj/social%20protection%20convergence%20in%20the%20european%20union.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia in its journal Panoeconomicus.

    Volume (Year): 54 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 469-487

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    Handle: RePEc:voj:journl:v:54:y:2007:i:4:p:469-487

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    Web page: http://www.panoeconomicus.rs/

    Related research

    Keywords: Welfare-state; Social protection; Convergence; European Union; Panel data estimation;

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    Cited by:
    1. Cosmin Enache, 2013. "Family and Childcare Support Public Expenditures and Short-Term Fertility Dynamics," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 60(3), pages 347-364, May.
    2. Álvarez Ayuso, Inmaculada & De Lucas Santos, Sonia & Delgado Rodríguez, Mª Jesús, 2009. "Convergencia en protección social en la Unión Europea (1980-2001)/Convergence and Social Protection in EU (1980-2001)," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 663-678, Diciembre.

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