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Reproductive behaviour of migrant women in Germany: Data, patterns and determinants

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  • Susanne Schmid
  • Martin Kohls
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the fertility of female migrants in Germany. After introducing major hypotheses on migrant fertility we give an overview on German datasets that are available for migrant fertility research. Finally, descriptive and multivariate analyses based on the "Sample Survey of Selected Migrant Groups in Germany (RAM)" are presented. Migrant fertility in Germany differs according to the country of origin: among major migrant groups analysed, Turkish women show the highest and Polish women the lowest fertility level. Multivariate analysis shows that the existence of children born in the country of origin has a strong increasing effect on migrant fertility. Besides, migrant women with German partners have a lower fertility than women with non-German partners. Furthermore, the fertility of Muslim women is elevated when compared with other religious groups. In contrast, emotional ties with the country of origin and the level of native and German language skills show no influence on migrants' fertility.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna in its journal Vienna Yearbook of Population Research.

    Volume (Year): 7 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 39-61

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    Handle: RePEc:vid:yearbk:v:7:y:2009:i:1:p:39-61

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    Web page: http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/

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    1. Otis Duncan, 1965. "Farm background and differential fertility," Demography, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 240-249, March.
    2. Charles F. Westoff & Tomas Frejka, 2007. "Religiousness and Fertility among European Muslims," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 33(4), pages 785-809.
    3. FFF1Michaela NNN1Kreyenfeld, 2004. "Fertility Decisions in the FRG and GDR: An Analysis with Data from the German Fertility and Family Survey," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 3(11), pages 275-318, April.
    4. Stephen Farber & Bun Lee, 1984. "Fertility adaptation of rural-to-urban migrant women: A method of estimation applled to Korean women," Demography, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 339-345, August.
    5. David Coleman, 2006. "Immigration and Ethnic Change in Low-Fertility Countries: A Third Demographic Transition," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 32(3), pages 401-446.
    6. Sidney Goldstein, 1973. "Interrelations between migration and fertility in Thailand," Demography, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 225-241, May.
    7. Mayer, Jochen & Riphahn, Regina T., 1999. "Fertility Assimilation of Immigrants: Evidence from Count Data Models," IZA Discussion Papers 52, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Elwood Carlson, 1985. "The impact of international migration upon the timing of marriage and childbearing," Demography, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 61-72, February.
    9. David P. Lindstrom & Silvia Giorguli Saucedo, 2007. "The interrelationship of fertility, family maintenance and Mexico-U.S. Migration," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(28), pages 821-858, December.
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