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Complementarities and Substitutabilities in Matching Models

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  • Gabriele Cardullo

    ()
    (Facolta' di Economia, Universita' degli Studi di Genova)

Abstract

In a standard search and matching model the labor market presents frictions while in the competitive product market the demand is infinitely elastic. To have a more realistic framework, some macroeconomic models abandon the assumption of infinite elasticity and consider a two-tier productive scheme in the goods market. In this paper, it is shown that, under some reasonable assumptions about the final goods production function (for instance Cobb-Douglas technology) the unique equilibrium of this kind of model features no production and full unemployment, making them useless for any policy analysis. A comparison between the two frameworks shows that a standard matching model overestimates the impact in terms of employment of any policy intervention in the sector where such a policy has been promoted, while at the same time it ignores the effects that emerge in other sectors of the economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in its journal Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali.

Volume (Year): 116 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 159-177

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Handle: RePEc:vep:journl:y:2008:v:116:i:2:p:159-177

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Related research

Keywords: Unemployment; search-matching equilibrium; labor market programs;

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References

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  1. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher, 1999. "New Developments in Models of Search in the Labour Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 2053, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Diamond, Peter A, 1982. "Wage Determination and Efficiency in Search Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 217-27, April.
  3. Andolfatto, David, 1996. "Business Cycles and Labor-Market Search," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 112-32, March.
  4. Hosios, Arthur J, 1990. "On the Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search and Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 279-98, April.
  5. Merz, Monika, 1995. "Search in the labor market and the real business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 269-300, November.
  6. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, December.
  7. Acemoglu, Daron, 2001. "Good Jobs versus Bad Jobs," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 1-21, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Batyra, Anna & Sneessens, Henri R., 2010. "Selective Reductions in Labor Taxation: Labor Market Adjustments and Macroeconomic Performance," IZA Discussion Papers 5013, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Gabriele, CARDULLO & Bruno, VANDERLINDEN, 2006. "Employment subsidies and substitutable skills : An equilibrium matching approach," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2006010, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.

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