Nazionalizzazioni, privatizzazioni e concorrenza: materia per una Costituzione?
AbstractThe Italian constitution does not mention competition. A statement in favour of an economy based on free markets could be introduced, but the European Treaties provide a sufficient integration. The Italian constitution considers the public enterprise as the remedy to excessive market power and the instrument to achieve social goals. The reasons in favour of public enterprise are much weaker today than they were when the Constitution was written in 1947: global markets and antitrust policy provide competition, capital is available for investment, regulation helps in reconciling private enterprise with services of general interest. The main de facto arguments for public enterprise are (a) the need to provide appropriate shareholders to essential facilities, (b) inertia (since public enterprises exist, the burden of proof lies on the side of privatisation) and (c) the debated link between national ownership and the national interest.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in its journal Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali.
Volume (Year): 114 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1-2 ()
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public enterprise; privatization.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out
- L44 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise, Nonprofit Institutions, and Professional Organizations
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