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Birth Spacing and Sibling Outcomes

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  • Kasey S. Buckles
  • Elizabeth L. Munnich

Abstract

Using the NLSY79 and NLSY79 Child and Young Adult Surveys, we investigate the effect of the age difference between siblings (spacing) on educational achievement. Because spacing may be endogenous, we use an instrumental variables strategy that exploits variation in spacing driven by miscarriages. The IV results indicate that a one-year increase in spacing increases test scores for older siblings by about 0.17 standard deviations. These results are larger than the OLS estimates, suggesting that failing to account for the endogeneity of spacing may understate its benefits. For younger siblings, we find no causal impact of spacing on test scores.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 613-642

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2012:iii:1:p:613-642

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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  1. Jones, Kelly M., 2014. "Growing up together: Cohort composition and child investment," MPRA Paper 55182, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Amalia Miller, 2011. "The effects of motherhood timing on career path," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 1071-1100, July.
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  9. Andrew Leigh & Xiaodong Gong, 2010. "Does Maternal Age Affect Children's Test Scores?," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 43(1), pages 12-27.
  10. Bhalotra, Sonia & Soest, Arthur van, 2008. "Birth-spacing, fertility and neonatal mortality in India: Dynamics, frailty, and fecundity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 143(2), pages 274-290, April.
  11. Hotz, V Joseph & Mullin, Charles H & Sanders, Seth G, 1997. "Bounding Causal Effects Using Data from a Contaminated Natural Experiment: Analysing the Effects of Teenage Childbearing," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 575-603, October.
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  15. Deschenes, Olivier, 2002. "Estimating the Effects of Family Background on the Return to Schooling," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt2qm3867s, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
  16. Jason M. Fletcher & Barbara L. Wolfe, 2008. "Education and Labor Market Consequences of Teenage Childbearing: Evidence Using the Timing of Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Fixed Effects," CEPR Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University 573, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  17. Alberto Abadie & Joshua Angrist & Guido Imbens, 2002. "Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Effect of Subsidized Training on the Quantiles of Trainee Earnings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 91-117, January.
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  19. Robert Kaestner, 1996. "Are Brothers Really Better? Sibling Sex Composition and Educational Achievement Revisited," NBER Working Papers 5521, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  21. Black, Sandra E. & Devereux, Paul J. & Salvanes, Kjell G., 2007. "Older and Wiser? Birth Order and IQ of Young Men," IZA Discussion Papers 3007, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. Cygan-Rehm, Kamila, 2013. "Earnings-Dependent Parental Leave Benefit and Fertility: Evidence from Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association 80021, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  2. Braakmann, Nils & Wildman, John, 2014. "Fertility treatments and the use of twin births as an instrument for fertility," MPRA Paper 54106, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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