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Expanding Exposure: Can Increasing the Daily Duration of Head Start Reduce Childhood Obesity?

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  • David E. Frisvold
  • Julie C. Lumeng

Abstract

Coinciding with the work requirements of welfare reform in the mid-1990s, the early childhood education program, Head Start, significantly expanded to increase the availability of full-day classes. Using unique administrative data, we examine the effect of full-day compared to half-day attendance on childhood obesity. This effect is identified from changes in obesity over time and from the elimination of a state-provided full-day expansion grant that decreased the supply of full-day classes. Our results suggest that full-day Head Start attendance significantly reduces the proportion of obese children at the end of the academic year.

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File URL: http://jhr.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/46/2/373
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 46 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 373-402

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2011:ii:1:p:373-402

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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Cited by:
  1. Carneiro, Pedro & Ginja, Rita, 2012. "Long Term Impacts of Compensatory Preschool on Health and Behavior: Evidence from Head Start," IZA Discussion Papers 6315, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Patricia M. Anderson & Kristin F. Butcher & Elizabeth U. Cascio & Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, 2011. "Is Being in School Better? The Impact of School on Children's BMI When Starting Age is Endogenous," NBER Working Papers 16673, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Cory Koedel & Teerachat Techapaisarnjaroenkit, 2010. "The Relative Performance of Head Start," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Missouri 1009, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised 29 Jun 2011.
  4. Belfield, Clive R. & Kelly, Inas Rashad, 2013. "Early education and health outcomes of a 2001 U.S. Birth Cohort," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 310-325.

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