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School Desegregation and Educational Attainment for Blacks

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  • Sarah J. Reber
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    Abstract

    This paper assesses the effects of school desegregation on its intended beneficiaries: black students. In Louisiana, substantial reductions in segregation between 1965 and 1970 were accompanied by large increases in per-pupil funding, which allowed funding in integrated schools to be "leveled up" to the level previously experienced only in white schools. Desegregation also brought increased exposure of blacks to whites. Analysis of new data on levels of segregation, resources and educational attainment from 1960–75 suggests that the increase in funding associated with desegregation improved educational attainment for blacks. A 42 percent increase in funding led to a 15 percent increase in high school graduation rates, and the estimated present value of the additional education exceeded the additional cost.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 893-914

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    Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:45:y:2010:i:4:p:893-914

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    Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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    Cited by:
    1. Carruthers, Celeste K. & Wanamaker, Marianne H., 2013. "Closing the gap? The effect of private philanthropy on the provision of African-American schooling in the U.S. south," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 53-67.
    2. Byron Lutz, 2011. "The End of Court-Ordered Desegregation," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 130-68, May.
    3. Nathaniel Baum-Snow & Byron Lutz, 2008. "School desegregation, school choice and changes in residential location patterns by race," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 2008-57, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Martin Nordin, 2013. "Immigrant School Segregation in Sweden," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 415-435, June.
    5. Stephen B. Billings & David J. Deming & Jonah E. Rockoff, 2012. "School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the end of busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg," NBER Working Papers 18487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Sarah J. Reber, 2013. "Comment on "Explaining Trends in High School Graduation: The Changing Elementary and Secondary Education Policy Landscape and Income Inequality over the Last Half Century"," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Human Capital in History: The American Record National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Robert Bifulco & Leonard M. Lopoo & Sun Jung Oh, 2013. "The Effects of School Desegregation on Teenage Fertility," Center for Policy Research Working Papers, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University 157, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.

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