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Watching the Clocks: The Role of Food Stamp Recertification and TANF Time Limits in Caseload Dynamics

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Author Info

  • David C. Ribar
  • Marilyn Edelhoch
  • Qiduan Liu

Abstract

We use administrative data to examine how ‘‘clock’’ policies—program time limits and recurring deadlines for confirming eligibility—affected participation in South Carolina’s TANF and Food Stamp Programs from 1996-2003. South Carolina’s TANF program limits most families to two years of benefits in any ten-year period; so, recipients began exhausting their eligibility as early as 1998. The state’s Food Stamp Program sets regular recertification intervals that can be distinguished from other calendar effects and increased these intervals after October 2002. We find that the two-year time limit reduced TANF caseloads and that the longer recertification intervals increased food stamp caseloads.

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File URL: http://jhr.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/43/1/208
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 43 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:43:y:2008:i:1:p208-239

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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Cited by:
  1. Ganong, Peter & Liebman, Jeffrey B., 2013. "The Decline, Rebound, and Further Rise in SNAP Enrollment: Disentangling Business Cycle Fluctuations and Policy Changes," Working Paper Series rwp13-037, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  2. Rabbitt, Matthew P., 2013. "Measuring the Effect of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation on Food Insecurity Using a Behavioral Rasch Selection Model," Working Papers 13-20, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.
  3. Peter Ganong & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 2013. "The Decline, Rebound, and Further Rise in SNAP Enrollment: Disentangling Business Cycle Fluctuations and Policy Changes," NBER Working Papers 19363, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Nathan Berg & Todd Gabel, 2013. "Effects of New Welfare Reform Strategies on Welfare Participation: Microdata Estimates from Canada," Working Papers 1304, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2013.
  5. Ribar, David C. & Swann, Christopher A., 2013. "If at First You Don't Succeed: Applying for and Staying on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program," Working Papers 13-12, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.

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