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Welfare Checks, Drug Consumption, and Health: Evidence from Vancouver Injection Drug Users

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  • Chris Riddell
  • Rosemarie Riddell

Abstract

This paper investigates the link between welfare payments and drug use among injection drug users. We find an increase in the likelihood of an overdose in the days following check arrival, and in the probability of leaving the hospital against medical advice (AMA) on check day. Using the check arrival date as an instrument, we estimate the Local Average Treatment Effect of leaving AMA on subsequent readmission and the probability of a drug overdose. The results indicate that, for individuals influenced by check day, leaving AMA leads to readmission much sooner than planned discharge, longer subsequent stays in the hospital, and a substantial increase in the probability of a drug overdose.

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File URL: http://jhr.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/XLI/1/138
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 41 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:41:y:2006:i:1:p138-161

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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Cited by:
  1. William N. Evans & Timothy J. Moore, 2009. "The Short-Term Mortality Consequences of Income Receipt," NBER Working Papers 15311, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Dobkin, Carlos & Puller, Steven L., 2007. "The effects of government transfers on monthly cycles in drug abuse, hospitalization and mortality," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 91(11-12), pages 2137-2157, December.
  3. McNeil, Ryan & Small, Will & Wood, Evan & Kerr, Thomas, 2014. "Hospitals as a ‘risk environment’: An ethno-epidemiological study of voluntary and involuntary discharge from hospital against medical advice among people who inject drugs," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 59-66.

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