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Measuring Poverty among Canadian Households: Sensitivity to Choice of Measure and Scale

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  • Shelley A. Phipps

Abstract

This paper uses microdata from the 1986 Statistics Canada Family Expenditure Survey to demonstrate that inequality-sensitive poverty measures such as the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (1984) index are as sensitive to the equivalence scale embodied in the poverty line as the more frequently used head count and poverty gap measures. Indices of the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke variety are useful, however, for revealing demographic subgroups experiencing extreme deprivation, information not provided by the more standard poverty measures. The paper also demonstrates that our understanding of the relative poverty experiences of important demographic subgroups such as children and the elderly can be influenced by our choice of equivalence scale.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 28 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 162-184

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:28:y:1993:i:1:p:162-184

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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Cited by:
  1. Pendakur, K., 1999. "Taking Prices Seriously in the Measurement of Inequality," Discussion Papers dp99-7, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
  2. Sami Bibi & Paul Makdissi & Myra Yazbeck, 2012. "Equivalence scales and housing deprivation orderings: an example using Lebanese data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(7), pages 853-866, March.
  3. Thesia I. Garner & Kathleen Short, 2005. "Developing a New Poverty Line for the USA: Are There Lessons for India?," Working Papers, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 378, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  4. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "Migration, poverty, and housing in Honduras," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 31(1 Year 20), pages 5-20, June.
  5. Thomas F. Crossley & Krishna Pendakur, 2002. "Consumption Inequality," Department of Economics Working Papers 2002-09, McMaster University.
  6. Sen, Anindya & Rybczynski, Kathleen & Van De Waal, Corey, 2011. "Teen employment, poverty, and the minimum wage: Evidence from Canada," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 36-47, January.

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