Saving lives in armed conflicts: what factors matter?
AbstractDespite the trend toward fewer armed conflicts and war deaths, dramatic variations in conflict casualties exist across countries. This article examines what factors affect casualties in civil as well as interstate wars and finds that conflict casualties are directly influenced by geography and military expenditure per soldier. The latter proxies for military capital intensity and is of concern to policymakers because it affects the level of conflict casualties. Specifically, the article finds that military expenditure per soldier lowers conflict casualties and is significantly influenced by conscription, education, per capita GDP, geography, and political and economic freedoms.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Economists for Peace and Security (UK) in its journal Economics of Peace and Security Journal.
Volume (Year): 3 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
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- Yakovlev, Pavel & Sobel, Russell S., 2010. "Occupational safety and profit maximization: Friends or foes?," The Journal of Socio-Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 429-435, June.
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