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Risk and Return of Value Stocks

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  • Chen, Nai-fu
  • Zhang, Feng
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    Abstract

    The authors find that value stocks are riskier because they are usually firms under distress, have high financial leverages, and face substantial uncertainty in future earnings. These risk characteristics are as powerful as are size and book-to-market in explaining cross-sectional differences in return in Pacific Rim markets. Value stocks offer reliably higher returns in the United States, Japan, Hong Kong, and Malaysia, corresponding to the higher risk, but not in the high-growth markets of Taiwan and Thailand because the spread of risk between small high-book-to-market stocks and big low-book-to-market stocks is small. Copyright 1998 by University of Chicago Press.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Business.

    Volume (Year): 71 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October)
    Pages: 501-35

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:71:y:1998:i:4:p:501-35

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JB/

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    Cited by:
    1. William Goetzmann & Akiko Watanabe & Masahiro Watanabe, 2008. "Investor Expectations, Business Conditions, and the Pricing of Beta-Instability Risk," Yale School of Management Working Papers amz2656, Yale School of Management, revised 01 Jan 2009.
    2. Hahl, Teemu & Vähämaa, Sami & Äijö, Janne, 2014. "Value versus growth in IPOs: New evidence from Finland," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 17-31.
    3. Cheng Wee Tan & Dogan Tirtiroglu & Ercan Tirtiroglu, 2013. "Reits' Growth Options and Asset Pricing Dynamics across Time," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1303, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    4. M. Shahid Embrahim & Sourafel Girma & M. Eskander Shah & Jonathan Williams, 2013. "Rationalizing the Value Premium in Emerging Markets," Working Papers 13010, Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales).
    5. Chris Brooks & Xiafei Li & Joelle Miffre, 2009. "Time Varying Volatility and the Cross-Section of Equity Returns ," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2009-01, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    6. Sophie Nivoix & Jacques Léonard & Jean-Pierre Berdot, 2006. "Valeurs de croissance contre valeurs de rendement : l’impossible stratégie," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 86(5), pages 363-373.
    7. Daniel, Kent & Hirshleifer, David & Teoh, Siew Hong, 2002. "Investor psychology in capital markets: evidence and policy implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 139-209, January.
    8. Barry, Christopher B. & Goldreyer, Elizabeth & Lockwood, Larry & Rodriguez, Mauricio, 2002. "Robustness of size and value effects in emerging equity markets, 1985-2000," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 1-30, March.
    9. Huang, Alan Guoming, 2009. "The cross section of cashflow volatility and expected stock returns," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 409-429, June.
    10. Hoa Nguyen & Robert Faff, 2010. "Are firms hedging or speculating? The relationship between financial derivatives and firm risk," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(10), pages 827-843.
    11. Lahr, Henry & Kaserer, Christoph, 2009. "Net asset value discounts in listed private equity funds," CEFS Working Paper Series 2009-12, Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS), Technische Universität München.
    12. Kuan Xu & Gordon Fisher, 2006. "Myopic loss aversion and margin of safety: the risk of value investing," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(6), pages 481-494.
    13. Ebrahim, M. Shahid & Girma, Sourafel & Shah, M. Eskandar & Williams, Jonathan, 2014. "Rationalizing the value premium in emerging markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 51-70.
    14. John Gallo & Chanwit Phengpis & Peggy Swanson, 2007. "Determinants of Equity Style," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 33-51, February.
    15. Long, Wen & Mok, Henry M.K. & Hu, Yan & Wang, Huiwen, 2009. "The style and innate structure of the stock markets in China," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 224-242, April.
    16. Bauer, Rob & Derwall, Jeroen & Molenaar, Roderick, 2004. "The real-time predictability of the size and value premium in Japan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 503-523, November.
    17. Huang, I-Hsiang, 2011. "The cyclical behavior of the risk of value strategy: Evidence from Taiwan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 404-419, September.
    18. Chiao, Chaoshin & Chen, Shin-Hui & Hu, Jia-Ming, 2010. "Informational differences among institutional investors in an increasingly institutionalized market," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 118-129, March.
    19. Hung, Weifeng & Chiao, Chaoshin & Liao, Tung Liang & Huang, Sheng-Tang, 2012. "R&D, risks and overreaction in a market with the absence of the book-to-market effect," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 11-24.
    20. Joseph T.L. Ooi & James R. Webb & Dingding Zhou, 2007. "Extrapolation Theory and the Pricing of REIT Stocks," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 29(1), pages 27-56.
    21. Ko, Kuan-Cheng & Lin, Shinn-Juh & Su, Hsiang-Ju & Chang, Hsing-Hua, 2014. "Value investing and technical analysis in Taiwan stock market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 14-36.
    22. In, Francis & Kim, Sangbae, 2007. "A note on the relationship between Fama-French risk factors and innovations of ICAPM state variables," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 165-171, September.
    23. Cooper, Michael J. & Gubellini, Stefano, 2011. "The critical role of conditioning information in determining if value is really riskier than growth," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 289-305, March.
    24. Kie Wong & Ruth Tan & Wei Liu, 2006. "The Cross-Section of Stock Returns on The Shanghai Stock Exchange," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 23-39, February.

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