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A Microstructure Analysis of Ex-dividend Stock Price Behavior before and after the 1984 and 1986 Tax Reform Acts

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  • Koski, Jennifer Lynch

Abstract

This article extends ex-dividend research by explicitly modeling trading at bid and ask quotations. This refinement distinguishes between buying and selling for long-term investors and short-term dividend capture traders. It also explicitly incorporates the bid-ask spread and eliminates some potential measurement errors that may bias returns. Marginal conditions are tested during 1983 and 1988, periods that span the 1984 and 1986 Tax Reform Acts. Results for long-term investors are consistent with the elimination of favorable capital gains tax rates. At observed prices, tax-neutral short-term traders cannot profit. Corporate dividend capture traders face profit opportunities during 1983 that disappear by 1988. Copyright 1996 by University of Chicago Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Business.

Volume (Year): 69 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 313-38

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:69:y:1996:i:3:p:313-38

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JB/

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Cited by:
  1. Frank, Murray & Jagannathan, Ravi, 1998. "Why do stock prices drop by less than the value of the dividend? Evidence from a country without taxes," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 161-188, February.
  2. Hasbrouck, Joel & Seppi, Duane J., 2001. "Common factors in prices, order flows, and liquidity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(3), pages 383-411, March.
  3. Blau, Benjamin M. & Fuller, Kathleen P. & Van Ness, Robert A., 2011. "Short selling around dividend announcements and ex-dividend days," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 628-639, June.
  4. Bali, Rakesh & Hite, Gailen L., 1998. "Ex dividend day stock price behavior: discreteness or tax-induced clienteles?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 127-159, February.
  5. Henker, Thomas & Martens, Martin, 2005. "Index futures arbitrage before and after the introduction of sixteenths on the NYSE," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 353-373, June.
  6. Liljeblom, Eva & Loflund, Anders & Hedvall, Kaj, 2001. "Foreign and domestic investors and tax induced ex-dividend day trading," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1687-1716, September.
  7. William Hardin & Gow-Cheng Huang & Kartono Liano, 2012. "Dividend Size, Yield, Clienteles and REITs," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 435-449, August.

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