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The Black-White Difference in Youth Employment: Evidence for Demand-Side Factors

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  • Cain, Glen G
  • Finnie, Ross E
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    Abstract

    The 1980 census reveals a serious lag in the employment performance of young black men relative to young white men. With census data, the authors test for demand-side causes of this lag, using both aggregate data for ninety-four standard metropolitan statistical areas and disaggregate (or individual) data from the 1-in-100 Public Use Sample. Variation across standard metropolitan statistical areas in the employment and wages of white youth provides indicators of the demand conditions for black youth, and the authors estimate that feasible increases in these demand factors would lead to about a 25 percent increase in the employment of black youth. Copyright 1990 by University of Chicago Press.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.

    Volume (Year): 8 (1990)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: S364-95

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:8:y:1990:i:1:p:s364-95

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JOLE/

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    Cited by:
    1. Hilary Williamson Hoynes, 1999. "The Employment, Earnings, and Income of Less Skilled Workers Over the Business Cycle," JCPR Working Papers 85, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    2. Jorge Valero-Gil, 2002. "Past labor force experience and heterogeneity," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 30(2), pages 75-89, September.
    3. Davis, Elizabeth E. & Connolly, Laura S. & Weber, Bruce A., 1999. "Employment Outcomes For Low-Income Adults In Rural And Urban Labor Markets," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN 21624, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    4. John M. Fitzgerald, 1995. "Local labor markets and local area effects on welfare duration," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 43-67.
    5. Marigee Bacolod, 2006. "Do Alternative Opportunities Matter? The Role of Female Labor Markets in the Decline of Teacher Quality," Working Papers 06-22, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    6. Davis, Elizabeth E. & Bosley, Stacie A., 2002. "The Impact Of The 1990s Economic Boom On Less-Educated Workers In Rural America: Did The Rising Tide Lift All Boats?," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19657, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    7. Davis, Elizabeth E. & Bosley, Stacie A., 2005. "THE IMPACT OF THE 1990s ECONOMIC BOOM ON LESS-EDUCATED WORKERS IN RURAL AMERICA," Working Papers 18918, Oregon State University, Rural Poverty Research Center (RPRC).
    8. Timothy J. Bartik, 1993. "The Effects of Local Labor Demand on Individual Labor Market Outcomes for Diffrerent Demographic Groups and the Poor," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 93-23, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    9. Marigee Bacolod & V. Joseph Hotz, 2005. "Cohort Changes in the Transition from School to Work: What Changed and What Consequences Did it have for Wages?," Working Papers 050618, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics.
    10. P. M. Gleason & G. G. Cain, . "Earnings of Black and White Youth and Their Relation to Poverty," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1138-97, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.

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