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Growing up in a Material World: Age Differences in Materialism in Children and Adolescents

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  • Lan Nguyen Chaplin
  • Deborah Roedder John
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    Abstract

    We examine age differences in materialism with children and adolescents 8-18 years old. In study 1, we find materialism increases from middle childhood to early adolescence and declines from early to late adolescence. Further, we find that age differences are mediated by changes in self-esteem occurring from middle childhood through adolescence. In study 2, we prime self-esteem to obtain further evidence of a causal link between self-esteem and materialism. As expected, we find that inducing high self-esteem decreases expressions of materialism. Inducing high self-esteem reduces materialism among adolescents so dramatically that age differences in materialism disappear. (c) 2007 by JOURNAL OF CONSUMER RESEARCH, Inc..

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Consumer Research.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 (06)
    Pages: 480-493

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jconrs:v:34:y:2007:i:4:p:480-493

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JCR/

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    Cited by:
    1. Shrum, L.J. & Wong, Nancy & Arif, Farrah & Chugani, Sunaina K. & Gunz, Alexander & Lowrey, Tina M. & Nairn, Agnes & Pandelaere, Mario & Ross, Spencer M. & Ruvio, Ayalla & Scott, Kristin & Sundie, Jill, 2013. "Reconceptualizing materialism as identity goal pursuits: Functions, processes, and consequences," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(8), pages 1179-1185.
    2. Gasiorowska, Agata, 2014. "The relationship between objective and subjective wealth is moderated by financial control and mediated by money anxiety," MPRA Paper 55907, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Ronald Hill & Kelly Martin & Lan Chaplin, 2012. "A tale of two marketplaces: Consumption restriction, social comparison, and life satisfaction," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 731-744, September.
    4. Jeffrey Froh & Robert Emmons & Noel Card & Giacomo Bono & Jennifer Wilson, 2011. "Gratitude and the Reduced Costs of Materialism in Adolescents," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 289-302, April.
    5. Giacomantonio, Mauro & Mannetti, Lucia & Pierro, Antonio, 2013. "Locomoting toward well-being or getting entangled in a material world: Regulatory modes and affective well-being," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 80-89.
    6. Zhou, Ling & Wang, Tao & Zhang, Qin & Mou, Yupeng, 2013. "Consumer insecurity and preference for nostalgic products: Evidence from China," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(12), pages 2406-2411.
    7. Lan Chaplin, 2009. "Please May I Have a Bike? Better Yet, May I Have a Hug? An Examination of Children’s and Adolescents’ Happiness," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 10(5), pages 541-562, October.
    8. Liselot Hudders & Mario Pandelaere, 2012. "The Silver Lining of Materialism: The Impact of Luxury Consumption on Subjective Well-Being," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 411-437, June.
    9. Péter Nagy & Boglárka Zsótér, 2012. "Our Everyday Emotions and Finances, The role money-related attitudes and materialistic orientation play in developing financial culture," Public Finance Quarterly, State Audit Office of Hungary, vol. 57(3), pages 286-297.

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