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Feeling and Thinking in Memory-Based versus Stimulus-Based Choices

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  • Yuval Rottenstreich
  • Sanjay Sood
  • Lyle Brenner
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    Abstract

    We contrast memory-based and stimulus-based choices, using dual-process theories such as Kahneman and Frederick's system 1/system 2 dichotomy. Systems 1 and 2 are conceptualized as distinct modes of thought, the former automatic and affective, the latter controlled and deliberate. Cognitive load impedes system 2, yielding greater reliance on system 1. In memory-based choice, consumers must maintain relevant options in working memory. Thus, memory-based choices are associated with greater cognitive load than stimulus-based choices. Indeed, we find that memory-based choices favor immediately compelling, affect-rich system 1 options, whereas stimulus-based choices favor affect-poor options whose attractiveness emerges from deliberative system 2 thought. (c) 2007 by JOURNAL OF CONSUMER RESEARCH, Inc..

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Consumer Research.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 461-469

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jconrs:v:33:y:2007:i:4:p:461-469

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JCR/

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