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Human Capital, Exports, and Earnings

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  • Marcel Fafchamps

Abstract

This study tests whether manufacturing exporters pay more to educated workers in an effort to ascertain whether the productivity of human capital is raised by exports. Using a panel of matched employer-employee data from Morocco, we find no evidence that the education wage premium is higher in exporting sectors and firms. Although exporters pay more on average, much of the wage differential can be explained by the fact that exporters have a larger workforce and more capital. Educated workers who start working for an exporter do not experience a larger wage increase relative to their previous job. We find a mild positive association between exports, technology, and product quality, part of which is due to differences in firm size. We discuss why our results differ from those obtained using different countries and methodologies. (c) 2009 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved..

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File URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdf/10.1086/604721
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Economic Development and Cultural Change.

Volume (Year): 58 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (October)
Pages: 111-141

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:v:58:y:2009:i:1:p:111-141

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/EDCC/

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Cited by:
  1. Joachim Wagner, 2011. "International Trade and Firm Performance: A Survey of Empirical Studies since 2006," Working Paper Series in Economics 210, University of L√ľneburg, Institute of Economics.
  2. James E. Rauch, 2007. "Development Through Synergistic Reform," NBER Working Papers 13170, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Sarra Ben Yahmed, 2012. "Gender Wage Gaps across Skills and Trade Openness," Working Papers halshs-00793559, HAL.

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