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Direct Elicitation of Credit Constraints: Conceptual and Practical Issues with an Application to Peruvian Agriculture

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  • Stephen R. Boucher
  • Catherine Guirkinger
  • Carolina Trivelli
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    Abstract

    This article provides a methodological bridge leading from the well-developed theory of credit rationing to the less developed territory of empirically identifying credit constraints. We begin by developing a simple model showing that credit constraints may take three forms: quantity rationing, transaction cost rationing, and risk rationing. Each form adversely affects household resource allocation and thus should be accounted for in empirical analyses of credit market performance. We outline a survey strategy to directly elicit households' status as unconstrained or constrained in the credit market and, if constrained, to further identify which of the three nonprice rationing mechanisms is at play. We discuss several practical issues that arise due to the use of a combination of "factual" and "interpretative" survey questions. Finally, using a farm-level data set from Peru, we illustrate how the methodology can be used to estimate the impacts of credit constraints. (c) 2009 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved..

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Economic Development and Cultural Change.

    Volume (Year): 57 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 (07)
    Pages: 609-640

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:v:57:y:2009:i:4:p:609-640

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/EDCC/

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    Cited by:
    1. Reyes, Alvaro & Lensink, Robert & Kuyvenhoven, Arie & Moll, Henk, 2012. "Dynamics of Investment for Market-Oriented Farmers in Chile," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126218, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Petrick, Martin & Kloss, Mathias, 2012. "Drivers of agricultural capital productivity in selected EU member states," Working Papers 132838, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    3. Shoji, Masahiro & Aoyagi, Keitaro & Kasahara, Ryuji & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Ueyama, Mika, 2012. "Social Capital Formation and Credit Access: Evidence from Sri Lanka," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(12), pages 2522-2536.
    4. Dufhues, Thomas & Buchenrieder, Gertrud & Munkung, Nuchanata, 2012. "Individual social capital and access to formal credit in Thailand," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 123401, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Ali, Daniel Ayalew & Deininger, Klaus & Duponchel, Marguerite, 2014. "Credit constraints, agricultural productivity, and rural nonfarm participation : evidence from Rwanda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6769, The World Bank.
    6. Diana Fletschner & Catherine Guirkinger & Steve Boucher, 2010. "Risk, Credit Constraints and Financial Efficiency in Peruvian Agriculture," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 981-1002.
    7. Morvant-Roux, Solène & Guérin, Isabelle & Roesch, Marc & Moisseron, Jean-Yves, 2014. "Adding Value to Randomization with Qualitative Analysis: The Case of Microcredit in Rural Morocco," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 302-312.
    8. Reyes, Alvaro & Lensink, Robert & Kuyvenhoven, Arie & Moll, Henk, 2012. "Impact of Access to Credit on Farm Productivity of Fruit and Vegetable Growers in Chile," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126217, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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